分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(屬, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) 鯰形目 (Catfishes)
(Armored catfishes) 甲鯰科 (Armored catfishes)
Etymology: Parotocinclus: Greek, para in the side of + greek, ous, otis = ear + Greek, kygklos, ou = a fish (Ref. 45335); robustus: The specific name is from the Latin adjective robustus, meaning robust, referring to the strong and robust appearance of the fish..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 居於水底的.
South America: upper and middle Rio São Francico basin in Brazil.
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 91034)
型態特徵 | 形態測量圖
背棘 (總數): 1; 背的軟條 (總數): 7; 臀鰭軟條: 6. Distinguished from all species of Parotocinclus, except P. prata, by its abdomen
completely devoid of dermal plates between the pectoral girdle and the anus. Differs from P. prata by having the ventral surface of the head behind the lower lip smooth, without rugosities in adults (vs. ventral surface of the head behind the lower lip highly rugose in adult specimens), and by having the postrostral plate 4 contacting the infraorbitals 3 and 4 (vs. postrostral plate 4 not contacting the infraorbital series). Can be further diagnosed from most congeners, except P. arandai, P. bahiensis, P. prata, and P. spilurus, by having the rostral plate not visible ventrally on the snout tip (vs. rostral plate visible ventrally on the snout tip); and from most congeners, except P. spilurus, P. cearensis, P. prata, P. jumbo, P. spilosoma, and P. cesarpintoi, by having the pectoral girdle covered by skin medially and exposed and supporting odontodes only laterally (vs. pectoral girdle exposed and supporting odontodes both medially and laterally) (Ref. 91034).
Facultative air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Occurs in small to median-sized rivers with shallow water (0.4-1.5 m depth), slow to median-speed waterflow and clear to slightly turbid water running over a mixed bottom consisting of stones, gravel, sand and sometimes mud. Mostly found on the marginal vegetation (Ref. 91034).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
Lehmann, A.P. and R.E. Reis, 2012. A new species of Parotocinclus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper Rio São Francisco, Brazil. Zootaxa 3390:56-64. (Ref. 91034)
IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 126983)
無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 November 2018
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素