分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Parotocinclus: Greek, para in the side of + greek, ous, otis = ear + Greek, kygklos, ou = a fish (Ref. 45335); robustus: The specific name is from the Latin adjective robustus, meaning robust, referring to the strong and robust appearance of the fish..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 居于水底的.
South America: upper and middle Rio São Francico basin in Brazil.
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 91034)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
背棘 (总数): 1; 背的软条 (总数): 7; 臀鳍软条: 6. Distinguished from all species of Parotocinclus, except P. prata, by its abdomen
completely devoid of dermal plates between the pectoral girdle and the anus. Differs from P. prata by having the ventral surface of the head behind the lower lip smooth, without rugosities in adults (vs. ventral surface of the head behind the lower lip highly rugose in adult specimens), and by having the postrostral plate 4 contacting the infraorbitals 3 and 4 (vs. postrostral plate 4 not contacting the infraorbital series). Can be further diagnosed from most congeners, except P. arandai, P. bahiensis, P. prata, and P. spilurus, by having the rostral plate not visible ventrally on the snout tip (vs. rostral plate visible ventrally on the snout tip); and from most congeners, except P. spilurus, P. cearensis, P. prata, P. jumbo, P. spilosoma, and P. cesarpintoi, by having the pectoral girdle covered by skin medially and exposed and supporting odontodes only laterally (vs. pectoral girdle exposed and supporting odontodes both medially and laterally) (Ref. 91034).
Facultative air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Occurs in small to median-sized rivers with shallow water (0.4-1.5 m depth), slow to median-speed waterflow and clear to slightly turbid water running over a mixed bottom consisting of stones, gravel, sand and sometimes mud. Mostly found on the marginal vegetation (Ref. 91034).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Lehmann, A.P. and R.E. Reis, 2012. A new species of Parotocinclus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper Rio São Francisco, Brazil. Zootaxa 3390:56-64. (Ref. 91034)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00331 - 0.01740), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).