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Parotocinclus robustus Lehmann A. & Reis, 2012

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drawing shows typical species in Loricariidae.

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> Siluriformes (Catfishes) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Parotocinclus: Greek, para in the side of + greek, ous, otis = ear + Greek, kygklos, ou = a fish (Ref. 45335);  robustus: The specific name is from the Latin adjective robustus, meaning robust, referring to the strong and robust appearance of the fish..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoet water demersaal. Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystemen | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

South America: upper and middle Rio São Francico basin in Brazil.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 91034)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 1; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 7; Anale zachte stralen: 6. Distinguished from all species of Parotocinclus, except P. prata, by its abdomen completely devoid of dermal plates between the pectoral girdle and the anus. Differs from P. prata by having the ventral surface of the head behind the lower lip smooth, without rugosities in adults (vs. ventral surface of the head behind the lower lip highly rugose in adult specimens), and by having the postrostral plate 4 contacting the infraorbitals 3 and 4 (vs. postrostral plate 4 not contacting the infraorbital series). Can be further diagnosed from most congeners, except P. arandai, P. bahiensis, P. prata, and P. spilurus, by having the rostral plate not visible ventrally on the snout tip (vs. rostral plate visible ventrally on the snout tip); and from most congeners, except P. spilurus, P. cearensis, P. prata, P. jumbo, P. spilosoma, and P. cesarpintoi, by having the pectoral girdle covered by skin medially and exposed and supporting odontodes only laterally (vs. pectoral girdle exposed and supporting odontodes both medially and laterally) (Ref. 91034).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Facultative air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Occurs in small to median-sized rivers with shallow water (0.4-1.5 m depth), slow to median-speed waterflow and clear to slightly turbid water running over a mixed bottom consisting of stones, gravel, sand and sometimes mud. Mostly found on the marginal vegetation (Ref. 91034).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Medewerkers

Lehmann, A.P. and R.E. Reis, 2012. A new species of Parotocinclus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper Rio São Francisco, Brazil. Zootaxa 3390:56-64. (Ref. 91034)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00331 - 0.01740), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).