Thrissina whiteheadi, Whitehead's Thryssa : fisheries

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Thrissina whiteheadi (Wongratana, 1983)

Whitehead's Thryssa
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Image of Thrissina whiteheadi (Whitehead\
Thrissina whiteheadi
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡形目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology:

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

海洋; 半鹹淡水. 亞熱帶的; 31°N - 24°N, 46°E - 58°E (Ref. 189)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: only in the Persian Gulf, but may reach into the Gulf of Oman.
西印度洋: 已知只來自波斯灣了, 但是可能進入阿曼灣。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.5 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 123974)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: upper jaw is relatively long, with its posterior tip slightly beyond opercle posterior margin, but not reaching pectoral-fin insertion; the first supramaxilla absent; teeth on both jaws are robust and enlarged; dorsum no dark lines when preserved; the dark black blotch behind upper part of gill opening is absent or indistinct in preserved specimens; branched rays of dorsal fin 9-11 (modally 10), anal fin usually 39-42 (rarely 43, modally 40) and pectoral fin 11-12 (modally 12); transverse scales 10-11 (11); scale rows in longitudinal series 40-42 (42); gill rakers on first gill arch, in upper series 12–15 (13), lower series 18-21 (19), total 30-34 (rarely 36, modally 32); gill rakers on second gill arch, in upper series 10-13 (modally 12), lower series 18-21 (19), total 29-34 (31); gill rakers on third gill arch, in upper series 8-10 (8), lower series 10-13 (11), total 19-23 (19); gill rakers on fourth gill arch, in upper series 6-8 (7), lower series 8-11 (10), total 14-19 (17) in total; snout is short, 3.1-3.6% SL pelvic fin short, 7.7-9.0% SL; mandible is short, 15.4-17.2% SL; pelvic-fin insertion to anal-fin origin 19.1-24.2% SL (Ref. 123974).
腹面有 25 到 27(很少地 28)個從峽部到肛門的有龍骨的鱗甲。 在眼中心的程度上面的吻尖, 通常大約眼的上面邊緣的水平。 顎骨中等的, 它的頂端突出的正好稍微超過鰓蓋的邊緣; 第一個上顎骨不存在; 頜齒些微地增大比較與其它的種在一起。 鰓裂的斑塊在後上半部不存在或非常不明顯的。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Pelagic (Ref. 68964). Presumably schooling. More data needed. Apparently common but seldom seen in the market at Kuwait.

推測為群游。 需要更多的資料。 顯然普遍但是在科威特的市場中少見的。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

西印度洋: 已知只來自波斯灣了, 但是可能進入阿曼灣。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Hata, H., P.N. Psomadakis, H.B> Osmany and H. Motomura, 2021. A new species of Thrissina from Pakistan (Arabian Sea), with redescription of Thrissina whiteheadi (Wongratana 1983) (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae). Ichthyol. Res. 68(4):486-495. (Ref. 123974)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 126983)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 February 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 自給性漁業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多資訊

國家
FAO區域
生態系
發現紀錄
簡介
Stocks
生態學
食性
食物相
食物消耗量
定量
俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
BRUVS
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00173 - 0.00873), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.