分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
海; 汽水性の; 深さの範囲 1 - ? m (Ref. 6390). Temperate; 26°S - 39°S, 112°E - 150°E
Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to the southern coasts of Australia.
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm FL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 27296); 最大公表体重: 800.00 g (Ref. 27296); 最大記録サイズ: 7 年 (Ref. 27652)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 9; 背鰭 (合計): 16; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 10; 脊つい: 25. Large eyes, diameter of which about one fifth of the head length. Body scales are slightly rough to touch. Body coloration: green above and silvery below with vertical rows of golden spots on the upper sides, tips of the caudal fin are black. Juveniles have dark golden bars on their sides (Ref. 6390). Length of upper lobe of caudal fin < 29.9% SL (Ref. 9701).
Usually found inshore in bays and estuaries over seagrass beds or near areas of seaweed (e.g. kelp), on rocky reefs, and along ocean beaches. Juveniles are found in inshore coastal waters, bays and inlets (Ref. 6390). Feed on small fish and prawns (Ref. 27946).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Both small, undeveloped ova (eggs) and larger ripe ova are present in the ovary at the same time. This phenomenon suggests that these species are either partial spawners (i.e. only some of the ova are spawned each time) or that the small ova remain in the ovary after spawning and are resorbed (Ref. 27945).
Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993. Australian fisheries resources. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra, Australia. 422 p. (Ref. 6390)
水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 15.2 - 20.5, mean 17.4 °C (based on 92 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00352 - 0.02589), b=3.01 (2.79 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.76 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.3 (1.1 - 1.9) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 10 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.8-1; tm=2-4; tmax=7; Fec=190,000).
Prior r = 0.70, 95% CL = 0.46 - 1.05, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Very high vulnerability (94 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 49.3 [28.8, 99.0] mg/100g; Iron = 0.573 [0.349, 1.000] mg/100g; Protein = 20.2 [17.9, 22.3] %; Omega3 = 0.781 [0.419, 1.487] g/100g; Selenium = 9.68 [3.97, 21.32] μg/100g; VitaminA = 15.4 [4.8, 55.3] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.587 [0.409, 0.855] mg/100g (wet weight);