Ecology of Arripis georgiana
Main Ref. Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993
Remarks Australian ruff are pelagic, schooling fish that prefer clear water (Ref. 6390). Often present in large numbers in estuaries along the southern coast of Western Australia (Ref. 27944, 27651). From May to July, eggs, larvae and small juveniles drift eastwards with the aid of the Leeuwin Current (Ref. 27946, 27947, 27948). Important nursery areas include the estuaries in the southwest of Western Australia in March and September (Ref. 27012, 27128), the south Australian gulfs, and the west coast bays of South Australia. Tagging studies have shown that mature species migrate from eastern Australia to Western Australia waters as far north as Rottnest Island (Ref. 6390). Individual spawning migrations of up to 2,190 km are known (Ref. 27946).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Arripis georgiana may be found.


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass;
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref.
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref.
Trophic Level(s)
Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 4.31 0.76 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
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