Spondyliosoma cantharus, Black seabream : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

You can sponsor this page

Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Black seabream
Waarneming toevoegen in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Spondyliosoma cantharus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Uploaden van uw Foto's en video's
Pictures | Videos | Google afbeelding
Image of Spondyliosoma cantharus (Black seabream)
Spondyliosoma cantharus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classificatie / Names Lokale namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Spondyliosoma: Greek, spondylos = vertebra (1667) + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien benthopelagisch; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepte 5 - 300 m (Ref. 3688). Subtropical; 63°N - 20°S, 26°W - 36°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystemen | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Scandinavia to northern Namibia (Ref. 11228), including the Strait of Gibraltar, Mediterranean and the Black Sea, Madeira, Canary Islands, and Cape Verde.

Lengte bij maturiteit / Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 19.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 4781); common length : 30.0 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 4781); max. gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 11; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 11-13. Body tall, with weak longitudinal stripes and no dark spots. Snout as long or longer than the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Found over seagrass beds and rocky and sandy bottoms to about 300 m (Ref. 3688). Gregarious, sometimes in large schools (Ref. 3688). Omnivorous, feeding on seaweeds and small invertebrates, especially crustaceans (Ref. 3688). Protogynic hermaphrodites (Ref. 4781). An important food fish.

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Lays eggs on sandy bottom (Ref. 4781). Sex reversal occurs at approximately 24.3 cm TL in population from Algeria (Ref. 102321). Also Ref. 28504.

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 126983)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 August 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; sportvis: ja; Aquarium: Publieke aquaria
FAO - visserij: aanvoer; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Meer informatie

Landen
FAO regio's
Ecosystemen
Voorkomen
Introducties
Stocks
Ecologie
Dieet
Voedselitems
Voedselconsumptie
Rantsoen
Lokale namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predatoren
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Maturiteit
Paaien
Paaiaggregaties
Fecunditeit
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
Genetica
Allelfrequenties
Erfelijkheid
Ziektes
Verwerking
Nutrients
Massaconversie
Medewerkers
Afbeeldingen
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Geluiden
Ciguatera
Snelheid
Zwemstijl
Kieuwoppervlak
Otolieten
Hersenen
Zicht

Tools

Speciale rapporten

Download XML

Internetbronnen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genus, Soort(en) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - visserij: aanvoer; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale databanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Publieke aquaria | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: ga naar, zoek | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 7 - 17.2, mean 10.2 °C (based on 645 cells).
Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.01114 - 0.01358), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.3; Fec=36,000; tm=4).
Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.71, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100).
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 51.6 [28.4, 94.8] mg/100g; Iron = 0.873 [0.494, 1.476] mg/100g; Protein = 19 [17, 21] %; Omega3 = 0.394 [0.268, 0.583] g/100g; Selenium = 39.4 [20.0, 72.3] μg/100g; VitaminA = 12.9 [3.9, 37.7] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.742 [0.530, 1.043] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.