Bothus mancus, Flowery flounder : fisheries, aquarium

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Bothus mancus (Broussonet, 1782)

Flowery flounder
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bothus mancus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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> Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Bothidae (Lefteye flounders)
Etymology:

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien rifbewoner; diepte 3 - 150 m (Ref. 9281). Tropical; 30°N - 35°S, 29°E - 70°W

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Indo-Pacific: in tropical waters, from South Africa to Hawaii and Easter Island, north to southern Japan and south to Lord Howe Island. Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo, Clipperton and Cocos islands (Ref. 9281).

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm NG mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 89467); max. gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.8 kg (Ref. 89467)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 96-104; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 74 - 81. Eyed side with dark margined light colored spots and numerous scattered small dark spots; normally with 3 dark blotches or spots on lateral line; dorsal and anal fins with longitudinal row of widely-spaced dark spots; pectorals of the eyed side with dark crossbars (Ref. 4417).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Inhabit sandy bottoms of coastal coral reefs (Ref. 5213, 48637), generally in shallow water (Ref. 9281). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Hunt mostly at night, but also active during the day. Often crawling over low rocky reef (Ref. 48637). Occasionally rest on bare rock (Ref. 1602). Feed on fishes, crabs and shrimps. Collected by divers (Ref. 9824).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Medewerkers

Hensley, D.A., 1986. Bothidae. p. 854-863. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4417)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 November 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; Aquarium: Commercieel
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 23.8 - 29, mean 27.7 °C (based on 1590 cells).
Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00446 - 0.02457), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100).
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 37.1 [18.0, 75.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.506 [0.296, 0.900] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.3, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.107 [0.052, 0.201] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.7 [15.9, 71.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 107 [27, 404] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.731 [0.465, 1.126] mg/100g (wet weight);