Bothus mancus (Broussonet, 1782)
Flowery flounder
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Bothidae (Lefteye flounders)
Max. size:  51 cm NG (male/unsexed); max.weight: 1,750.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 3 - 150 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: in tropical waters, from South Africa to Hawaii and Easter Island, north to southern Japan and south to Lord Howe Island. Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo, Clipperton and Cocos islands (Ref. 9281).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 96-104; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 74-81. Eyed side with dark margined light colored spots and numerous scattered small dark spots; normally with 3 dark blotches or spots on lateral line; dorsal and anal fins with longitudinal row of widely-spaced dark spots; pectorals of the eyed side with dark crossbars (Ref. 4417). Description: Characterized further by pale brown to light grey body color; pectoral rays on eyed side, greatly prolonged in male, sometimes reaching as far posteriorly as caudal fin; weakly ctenoid scales or cycloid on eyed side, cycloid on blind side; short gill rakers; eyes of male with short tentacle; lower jaw extending to below front edge of lower eye or slightly posterior; mature male with spines on snout and on upper and lower orbital ridges; depth of body 1.7-25.1 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Inhabit sandy bottoms of coastal coral reefs (Ref. 5213, 48637), generally in shallow water (Ref. 9281). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Hunt mostly at night, but also active during the day. Often crawling over low rocky reef (Ref. 48637). Occasionally rest on bare rock (Ref. 1602). Feed on fishes, crabs and shrimps. Collected by divers (Ref. 9824).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 11 November 2019 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

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