Mylopharyngodon piceus, Black carp : fisheries, aquaculture

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Mylopharyngodon piceus (Richardson, 1846)

Black carp
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Mylopharyngodon piceus
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Classificatie / Names Lokale namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Xenocyprididae (East Asian minnows)
Etymology: Mylopharyngodon: Greek, mylo = mill + Greek, pharynx = throat + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Richardson.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoet water; brak water demersaal; pH range: 7.5 - 8.5; potamodroom (Ref. 51243); diepte 5 - 30 m (Ref. 6898). Subtropical; 0°C - 40°C (Ref. 55930); 53°N - 15°N, 100°E - 140°E (Ref. 55930)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystemen | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Asia: Amur river basin to southern China (Ref. 55930). Reported from Vietnam (Ref. 44416). Persists only in Europe by stocking or accidental releases; native stocks in Russia have declined sharply (Ref. 59043). Several countries reported adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Lengte bij maturiteit / Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 91.5, range 100 - ? cm
Max length : 180 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 40637); common length : 12.2 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 35840); max. gepubliceerd gewicht: 35.0 kg (Ref. 56557); max. gerapporteerde leeftijd: 13 Jaren (Ref. 55930)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 7-9; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 10. Anatomy of the pharyngeal apparatus is the main distinguishing characteristic; throat teeth typically form a single row of 4-5 large molariform teeth on each of the two arches, with formula typically 1,4 - 4,1.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit large lowland rivers and lakes, preferably with clear water and high oxygen concentrations. Larvae feed on zooplankton, then on ostracods and aquatic insects. At about 120 mm SL, juveniles start to prey on small snails and clams while larger juveniles and adults feed almost entirely on molluscs. Undertake upriver migration and spawns in open waters. Deposit pelagic or semipelagic eggs which hatch while drifting downstream. Larvae settle into floodplain lakes and channels with little or no current (Ref. 59043). Maximum age probably exceeds 15 years; the figure of 20 years is not supported by data (Ref. 55930).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Prewspawning adults migrate upstream in spring - early summer; spawning takes place in turbulent waters; eggs are pelagic and drift downstream and larvae enter nursery areas such as flood plains or backwater habitats; main river channel is used as feeding and wintering area by subadults and adults.

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Nico, L.G., J.D. Williams and H.L. Jelks, 2005. Black carp: biological synopsis and risk assessment of an introduced fish. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. 337 p. (Ref. 55930)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 126983)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 April 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Potential pest (Ref. 74657)





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van groot commercieel belang; Aquacultuur: commercieel
FAO - Aquacultuur: productie; visserij: aanvoer; Publication: search | FishSource |

Meer informatie

Lokale namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predatoren
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Maturiteit
Paaien
Paaiaggregaties
Fecunditeit
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Leeftijd/Grootte
Groei
Lengte-gewicht
Lengte-lengte
Lengtefrequenties
Morfometrie
Morfologie
Larven
Larvale populatiedynamiek
Rekrutering
Abundantie
BRUVS
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00777 - 0.01070), b=3.09 (3.05 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.44 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (K=0.08-0.09; tm=3-9; tmax >13; Fec=1,000,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (80 of 100).
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 73 [39, 113] mg/100g; Iron = 1.13 [0.72, 1.80] mg/100g; Protein = 18.9 [18.0, 19.8] %; Omega3 = 0.335 [0.177, 0.670] g/100g; Selenium = 31.1 [15.8, 64.3] μg/100g; VitaminA = 7.37 [2.88, 20.58] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.713 [0.531, 0.987] mg/100g (wet weight);