Zapteryx exasperata, Banded guitarfish : fisheries

You can sponsor this page

Zapteryx exasperata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)

Banded guitarfish
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Zapteryx exasperata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Zapteryx exasperata (Banded guitarfish)
Zapteryx exasperata
Picture by Murch, A.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

इलाज़मौबरांकी (शारक और रेज़) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Trygonorrhinidae (Banjo rays, Fiddler rays)
Etymology: Zapteryx: Greek, za = an augmentative particle + Greek, pteryx, wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

समुद्री प्रवाल-भित्ति संयुक्त; गहराई सीमा 1 - 200 m (Ref. 37955), usually 1 - 22 m (Ref. 12951). Subtropical; 37°N - 20°N, 125°W - 108°W (Ref. 114953)

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: California, USA to Mexico, records to Peru probably misidentifications.

Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm 68.0, range 57 - 77 cm
Max length : 83.0 cm पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 48844); 97.0 cm (female)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

जानवरों की रीड़ का जोड़: 149 - 150. Spiral valve count: 8-10. Broad disc is about as wide as it is long; dorsal surface covered with numerous, small to large, scattered, stellate prickles; a single median row of enlarged thorns running along the mid-back; a broad, short snout; small, blunt, pebble like teeth; a dorsal fin that originates closer to the pelvic fin bases than to the caudal fin origin; a thick tail and a moderately large, rounded caudal fin without a distinct lower lobe. Tooth count: 60-75/60-75. Coloration: The dorsal surface is sandy brown to dark gray, with several prominent black bars, and lighter below with dark spots on the posterior edge of the pectoral fins.

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Generally in rocky areas mainly shallower than 10 m, moves offshore onto soft bottoms in autumn and winter; but may also be found on sandy bottoms (Ref. 37955, Ref. 114953). Reported from tide pools (Ref. 12951). Relatively docile, harmless rays that are easily approached by divers (Ref. 48844). Feeds mainly on mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 37955). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449), with 4 to 11 pups in a litter (Ref. 51576). Maturity size of males at 64-70 cm TL, females at 57-77 cm TL; birth size at 15-18 cm TL (Ref. 114953). Seldom buries itself in sand. This species is a commercially important part of artisanal fisheries (Ref. 114953). Etymology: The genus name comes from the Greek za, meaning intensive, and pteryx, meaning fin, in reference to the vertical fins being larger than those of skates. The species name comes from Latin, meaning made rough, in reference to the numerous stellate prickles on its back. (Ref. 48844).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). During breeding season, male and female adult schools congregate in shallow areas of bays and lagoons (Ref. 51576). Parturition takes place three to four months after mating, with litters of 4 to 11 pups (Ref. 48844).

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक | सहयोगीयो

Compagno, L.J.V., 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 05 January 2015


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: लघु वाणिज्य
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

अधिक जानकारी

आम नाम
परिपक्व अवधि
मछलीऔ का अंडे देना
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
आकृति विज्ञान
लारवल गतिकी
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र


Special reports

Download XML

इंटरनेट स्रोत

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: वर्ग, प्रजाति | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, खोज | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 18.1 - 28.5, mean 23.1 °C (based on 64 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00267 - 0.01964), b=3.00 (2.76 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.53 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  बहुत नीचे, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी समय अवलागत 14 महीने। (Fec = 4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 9.41 [1.30, 36.16] mg/100g; Iron = 0.385 [0.093, 1.046] mg/100g; Protein = 19.9 [17.7, 21.9] %; Omega3 = 0.146 [0.062, 0.340] g/100g; Selenium = 16.5 [4.8, 49.0] μg/100g; VitaminA = 34.4 [11.2, 110.6] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.605 [0.292, 1.289] mg/100g (wet weight);