(Cods) > Gadidae
(Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Melanogrammus: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
marin démersal; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 10 - 450 m, usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388). Temperate; 79°N - 36°N, 76°W - 62°E
Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitzbergen; in the Barents Sea to Novaya Zemlya; around Iceland; rare at the southern Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: Cape May, New Jersey to the Strait of Belle Isle.
Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge
Maturity: Lm 34.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5951); common length : 35.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4645); poids max. publié: 16.8 kg (Ref. 9988); âge max. reporté: 20 années (Ref. 4645)
Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Épines anales 0. Mouth relatively small; lower jaw shorter than the upper jaw; chin barbel rather small. Lateral line dark, uninterrupted to about the end of the body. Lateral-line pores present on head. Scales overlapping. A large dark blotch is above the pectoral fin just below the lateral line.
Adults are found more commonly from 80 to 200 m, over rock, sand, gravel or shells, usually at temperatures between 4° and 10°C. Feed mainly on small bottom-living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and fishes (sand lance, capelin, silver hake, American eels, herring and argentines) (Ref. 5951). A batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Undertakes extensive migrations in the Barents Sea and Iceland. Sold fresh, chilled as fillets, frozen, smoked and canned. Also utilized for fish meal and animal feeds. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth (Ref. 1371).
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 126983)
Menace pour l'homme
Utilisations par l'homme
Pêcheries: hautement commercial; Aquaculture: expérimental; pêche sportive: oui
Télécharger en XML
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 1.4 - 12.1, mean 8.4 °C (based on 1651 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00570 - 0.00731), b=3.09 (3.05 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.8 (4.4 - 5.5) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 38 growth studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179
): Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (rm=0.54-1.2; K=0.12-0.30; tm=2-6.5; tmax=20; Fec=100,000).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.74, Based on 28 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 10.2 [3.2, 40.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.175 [0.075, 0.825] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.617 [0.316, 1.243] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.9 [12.1, 89.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.92 [2.06, 29.85] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.309 [0.168, 0.623] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.