Equetus punctatus, Spotted drum : fisheries, aquarium

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Equetus punctatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Spotted drum
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Equetus punctatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers) 石首魚科 (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Equetus: Latin, eques, -itis = horse, man in a horse, chevalier .
More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9710). 熱帶; 36°N - 24°S, 98°W - 28°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), and Bahamas to the Antilles (Ref. 26340) and Yucatan (Mexico) (Ref. 26938) to Brazil.
西大西洋: 百慕達群島,佛羅里達 (美國) 與巴哈馬到安地列斯群島 (參考文獻 26340) 與尤卡坦半島 (墨西哥)(參考文獻 26938) 到巴西。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 26340); common length : 18.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5217)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 11 - 13; 背的软条 (总数): 45-47; 臀棘 2; 臀鳍软条: 6 - 8. First dorsal fin very high with short base. Second dorsal and caudal fins dark with white spots and dashes (Ref. 26938). Head white with two dark brown bars, one through eye, the other more posterior and more diagonal, extending across chest to pelvic fins; body white with a broad dark brown band beginning on front of first dorsal fin, curving across nape, above pectoral fin, and running to mid-base of caudal fin; two narrower dark stripes above and below this band (Ref. 13442). Mouth small, inferior, nearly horizontal. Spinous dorsal fin very elevated, higher than head length. Gas bladder simple, carrot-shaped without appendages. Sagitta (large earstone) near rounded and thick (Ref 51721).
第一背鳍很高的具有短的基底。 第二背鳍与尾鳍深色且有白色的斑点与间断的线。 (参考文献 26938) 头部白色的有二条深褐色的横带, 一经过眼,另一个较向后与更多的斜线, 越过对腹鳍的胸延伸; 身体白色的有起点在第一背鳍的前面,越过后颈,胸鳍上方弯曲的一条宽的深褐色的条纹, 而且跑向尾鳍的基底中点; 二条比较狭窄的深色斑纹上面与下面这一条条纹.(参考文献 13442) 嘴小的﹐下方的﹐和几乎水平。 刺状的背鳍非常升高的, 比头长更高。 气鳔单一的, 胡萝卜-形状的没有附肢。 矢耳石 (大的 earstone) 靠近圓的與厚的 (參考文獻 51721).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs primarily on coral reefs. Secretive and usually solitary, under ledges or near small caves (Ref. 7251). Often seen during the day around the bases of corals (Ref. 26938). Feeds at night on crabs, shrimps, and polychaetes. Easily approached (Ref. 9710). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).

主要地在珊瑚礁上生存。 躲躲藏藏而通常独居性的, 岩架下或在小的洞穴附近.(参考文献 7251) 时常出现在白天期间珊瑚的基底的周围.(参考文献 26938) 晚上捕食螃蟹,虾与多毛类动物。 容易接近。 (参考文献 9710) 曾经后面在繁殖场.(参考文献 35420)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous (Ref. 240).西大西洋: 百慕達群島,佛羅里達 (美國) 與巴哈馬到安地列斯群島 (參考文獻 26340) 與尤卡坦半島 (墨西哥)(參考文獻 26938) 到巴西。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 October 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 30303)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
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基因序列
遗传率
疾病
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Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
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声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 26.3 - 28.2, mean 27.4 °C (based on 675 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00427 - 0.01777), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100).
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 70.3 [41.2, 142.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.69 [0.42, 1.13] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.8 [18.5, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.145 [0.081, 0.224] g/100g ; Selenium = 38.1 [21.9, 64.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 61 [21, 177] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.87, 1.95] mg/100g (wet weight);