Arapaima gigas, Arapaima : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

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Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822)

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Image of Arapaima gigas (Arapaima)
Arapaima gigas
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رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, گونه ها) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Arapaimidae (Bonytongues)
Etymology: Arapaima: From tupí-guaraní, arapaima (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; آب شيرين نزديك كف زي; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: 10 - ?. Tropical; 25°C - 29°C (Ref. 2060); 5°N - 11°S

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin. The active fishing of this fish has reduced both the population size, and occurrence of large individuals, especially around the populated regions of the Amazon (Ref. 50891).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm 149.5, range 145 - 154 cm
Max length : 450 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 6398); common length : 200 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 557); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 200.0 kg (Ref. 557)

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Obligate air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Often referred to as the largest freshwater fish. Builds a nest of about 15 cm depth and 50 cm width in sandy bottoms. Spawns in April and May and guards the eggs and the young. Obligate air breather. The fish rises to the surface of the water and inspires air in a noisy, distinctive gulp, which is reported to carry for long distances (Ref. 50891). Migrates into higher floodplain habitats with rising water and moves back eventually to lacustrine habitats during low water level (Ref. 116898). Threatened due to over harvesting (Ref. 58490).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2003. Arapaimatidae (Bonytongues). p. 31. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 50891)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 130435)

  کمبود داده (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 August 1996


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: تجاري; آبزي پروري: تجاري; ماهي ها ي سرگرم كننده: بله; آكواريوم: آکواریوم عمومی
FAO - آبزي پروري: production; ماهي گيري – شيلات: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
سوخت و ساز
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
تخم ها
نمو تخم
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
بيماري ها
Mass conversion
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي


گزارش های ويژه

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منابع اينترنتي

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 11.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  پايين ، كم, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 5/4 – 14 سال (tm=4-6; Fec=47,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100).
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 29.9 [16.6, 81.3] mg/100g; Iron = 1.02 [0.53, 2.23] mg/100g; Protein = 16 [14, 18] %; Omega3 = 0.387 [0.140, 1.140] g/100g; Selenium = 140 [45, 346] μg/100g; VitaminA = 15.6 [3.9, 64.9] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.648 [0.415, 1.065] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.