Symphodus tinca, East Atlantic peacock wrasse : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Symphodus tinca (Linnaeus, 1758)

East Atlantic peacock wrasse
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Symphodus tinca   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

marin; saumâtre récifal; profondeur 1 - 50 m (Ref. 121253). Subtropical; 47°N - 21°N, 11°W - 42°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Spain to Morocco including the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 11.7, range 12 - 15.2 cm
Max length : 44.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3397); common length : 25.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3397); âge max. reporté: 15 années (Ref. 4742)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 15; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 11; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 12

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults are found near rocks mainly in eel-grass beds, sometimes in salty lagoons. Often gregarious. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Nest of seaweed built and kept by male with one or more females spawning. Feed on sea urchins, ophiuroids, bivalves, shrimps and crabs (Ref. 4742). Rate of growth is slow (Ref. 4742). Undergoes sex reversal (Ref. 4742).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous (Ref. 205). One male makes a nest of seaweed for one or more females to spawn in (Ref. 4742). Undergoes sex reversal (Ref. 4742).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Westneat, Mark | Collaborateurs

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 126983)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 July 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: pêcheries vivrières; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquariums publics | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 16.3 - 21.4, mean 18.9 °C (based on 116 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00783 - 0.01112), b=3.04 (3.00 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.25-0.89(?); tm=2-3; tmax=15).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 27.3 [12.3, 58.4] mg/100g; Iron = 0.547 [0.298, 1.074] mg/100g; Protein = 19.5 [16.6, 21.7] %; Omega3 = 0.22 [0.13, 0.38] g/100g; Selenium = 14.8 [7.1, 28.4] μg/100g; VitaminA = 50.1 [14.3, 214.1] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.02 [0.67, 1.79] mg/100g (wet weight);