Nerophis ophidion, Straightnose pipefish

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Nerophis ophidion (Linnaeus, 1758)

Straightnose pipefish
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Nerophis ophidion   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Nerophis ophidion
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Nerophinae
Etymology: Nerophis: Greek, neros, nearos = youhtfull appearance + Greek,ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

marin; eau douce; saumâtre démersal; profondeur 2 - 15 m (Ref. 6733). Temperate; 63°N - 30°N, 11°W - 42°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco (excluding region from Denmark to Netherlands), also throughout the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 2058); 30.0 cm TL (female)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Anal, caudal and pectoral fins absent (Ref. 59043). Anal opening below front end of the dorsal fin, 28-33 body rings. Has a strait snout (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabit algal zone or eel-grass (Zostera) (Ref. 6733). Adults spawn in May - August . Feed on small crustaceans and fish fry (Ref. 35388). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Consistent paternity is ensured despite brooding of embryos on the outside the male's body. Events of cuckoldry by sneaker males is ruled out through genetic paternity analyses based on molecular markers (Ref. 81011). Each male carries eggs from a single female but females may deposit eggs on several brooding pouches (Ref. 81011).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Consistent paternity is ensured despite brooding of embryos on the outside of the male's body instead of a brood pouch characteristic of the family (Ref. 81011, 53335). Events of cuckoldry by sneaker males is ruled out through genetic paternity analyses based on molecular markers (Ref. 81011). Each male carries eggs from a single female but females may deposit eggs on several brooding pouches (Ref. 81011).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Dawson, C.E., 1986. Syngnathidae. p. 628-639. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 2. Unesco, Paris. (Ref. 6733)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 126983)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 27 July 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: sans intérêt
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquariums publics | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 8.6 - 19.3, mean 13.5 °C (based on 981 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00085 (0.00032 - 0.00224), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.47 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (K=1.05).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 52.9 [11.4, 164.9] mg/100g; Iron = 0.518 [0.203, 1.620] mg/100g; Protein = 3.53 [0.00, 7.33] %; Omega3 = 0.457 [0.196, 1.168] g/100g; Selenium = 7.88 [1.15, 24.21] μg/100g; VitaminA = 8.87 [2.82, 27.81] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.772 [0.368, 1.485] mg/100g (wet weight);