Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 190 - 412 m (Ref. 58018), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 18°N - 10°N
Western Central Atlantic: Honduras and Nicaragua.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 33.5 cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); 34.0 cm TL (female)
Found on the continental outer shelf and upper slope. Prefers fine white calcareous material as substrate. Feeds on small bony fishes and cephalopods. Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Not utilized at present.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.4 - 21.4, mean 16.3 °C (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00170 - 0.00646), b=3.15 (2.97 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .