Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335); tizardi: Named for Robert Tizard, in gratitude for his help. More on author: Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Mekong at the Xe Kong basin in Laos.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43281)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body cylindrical, its greatest depth in front of dorsal-fin origin, sometimes with a small hump; head flat with straight to concave dorsal profile and depressed snout; eyes slightly protruding above dorsal profile of head; anterior nostril pierced on front side of a flap; processus dentiformis present; no median notch in upper lip, median incision in lower lip; shallow median notch in lower jaw; lateral line complete; anus about 1-2 eye diameters in front of anal-fin origin; 8.5 branched dorsal-fin rays; 5.5 branched anal-fin rays; caudal fin emarginate, with 9+8 branched rays; axillary pelvic lobe present; body with 7-9 bars, wider than interspaces, not very contrasted in front of dorsal-fin origin, not very regular; black bar at caudal-fin base almost complete but faint, often only contrasted on middle half of base, not reaching dorsal and ventral midlines; dorsal-fin base with a black spot anteriorly, followed by an orange spot and an elongate grey blotch; base of rays of upper caudal-fin lobe orange with a cloud of black pigments; body sometimes plain dark brown (Ref. 36949).
Found in main rivers, on gravel beds (Ref. 36949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo 5, Sri Lanka. 198 p. (Ref. 43281)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00270 - 0.01543), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .