Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Temperate
Northwest Pacific: southern Hokkaido, Japan to the Yellow Sea, the Gulf of Bo Hai, and the northern part of the East China Sea, including Korea (Ref. 4537).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 27.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); max. published weight: 1.9 kg (Ref. 56370)
Inhabits sandy and muddy bottoms in coastal areas (Ref. 9137, 11230). Carnivore, feeds mainly on polychaetes (Ref. 53305).
Vinnikov, K.A., R.C. Thomson and T.A. Munroe, 2018. Revised classification of the righteye flounders (Teleostei: Pleuronectidae) based on multilocus phylogeny with complete taxon sampling. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 125:147-162. (Ref. 122998)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00693 - 0.00953), b=3.05 (3.01 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.5 (2.8 - 5.5) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 11 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.20-0.36; tmax=10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100).