Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Jurengraulis: Latin, jure = with reason + Greek, eggraulis = anchovy. More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 0°S - 14°S
Western Central Atlantic drainage (Amazon system, from Rio Mamoré in Bolivia to Manaus, Brazil including the Juruá and probably other tributaries).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111115); max. published weight: 89.00 g (Ref. 111115)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 20 - 22. Body slender, oval in cross-section. Snout long and pointed; maxilla short, tip bluntly rounded, not reaching to front border of pre-operculum, not projecting beyond tip of second supra-maxilla; teeth in jaws minute or absent. gill rakers long and slender, absent on face of third epibranchial. Dorsal fin origin at about midpoint of body; anal fin origin under last dorsal fin ray (Ref. 189). Olive above, silvery on sides and below. Snout blackish above. Fins pale orange; caudal rays blackish at tips (Ref. 37032).
Occurs in middle and upper reaches of rivers. The numerous and rather long gillrakers armed with fine setae, together with the very long and highly coiled gut suggest a microplanktonic diet. More data needed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00338 - 0.01026), b=3.21 (3.06 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .