Jurengraulis juruensis (Boulenger, 1898)
Jurua anchovy
Jurengraulis juruensis
photo by FAO

Family:  Engraulidae (Anchovies), subfamily: Engraulinae
Max. size:  17.9 cm SL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 89.0 g
Environment:  pelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  Western Central Atlantic drainage (Amazon system, from Rio MamorĂ© in Bolivia to Manaus, Brazil including the Juruá and probably other tributaries).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 20-22. Body slender, oval in cross-section. Snout long and pointed; maxilla short, tip bluntly rounded, not reaching to front border of pre-operculum, not projecting beyond tip of second supra-maxilla; teeth in jaws minute or absent. gill rakers long and slender, absent on face of third epibranchial. Dorsal fin origin at about midpoint of body; anal fin origin under last dorsal fin ray (Ref. 189). Olive above, silvery on sides and below. Snout blackish above. Fins pale orange; caudal rays blackish at tips (Ref. 37032).
Biology:  Occurs in middle and upper reaches of rivers. The numerous and rather long gillrakers armed with fine setae, together with the very long and highly coiled gut suggest a microplanktonic diet. More data needed.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 06 March 2017 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 05.10.16
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 10.07.94

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