Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Tropical; 26°N - 5°N, 63°E - 91°E (Ref. 188)
Indian Ocean: Karachi to Madras and perhaps north to Calcutta. Specimens from the northwestern coasts of Australia may be this species. Almost certainly mistaken in the past for the very similar Ilisha melastoma in Indian waters.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 40 - 47. Belly with usually 18 to 21 - 7 to 9, total 26 to 29 scutes. Eye large, lower jaw projecting. Dorsal fin origin a little before midpoint of body; anal fin origin below final dorsal fin ray bases. Vertical striae on scale with a distinct gap across center of scale. Flanks with faint dark band. Swim bladder with two tubes passing back in the muscles on either side of haemal spines.
Occurs in coastal waters, but probably also enters estuaries. Caught with Ilisha melastoma (Ref. 171). More data needed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 27 - 28.6, mean 27.8 °C (based on 48 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00399 - 0.01990), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).