Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes
(Chimaeras) > Rhinochimaeridae
Etymology: Harriotta: [an]a- (L.), belonging to: per Goode & Bean (1896), in honor of Thomas Harriott (ca. 1560?1621), English astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer and translator, who published the first English work on American natural history (1588). (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1400 - 2600 m (Ref. 6871). Deep-water; 30°N - 46°S
North Atlantic: west coast of Africa off Cabo Barbas, Spanish Sahara and the Canary Islands; off New York, USA and southern outlet of Davis Strait, Canada. Indian Ocean: submarine seamounts in 1,400-1,730 m (Ref. 6871) and off St Helens, Tasmania (Australia) in 1,480-1,700 m (Ref. 6871). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 26346).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 74.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101563); max. published weight: 1.6 kg (Ref. 122636)
Inhabits continental slopes and the ocean floor (Ref. 26346). Reaches at least 65 cm TL without the caudal filament (Ref. 6871). Rare in collections (Ref. 6871).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Krefft, G., 1990. Rhinochimaeridae. p. 114-116. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4444)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.4 - 3.4, mean 2.8 °C (based on 108 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7539 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00112 (0.00069 - 0.00184), b=3.21 (3.06 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .