Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; tyao: Name in reference to Tyao River in Tyao village, Champhai District, Mizoram, India, where the species was first collected..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Tyao River in Mizoram, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96639)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9-10. This species is related to Garra namyaensis, G. lissorhynchus, G. paralissorhynchus and G. nambulica. This can be diagnosed by having a rounded snout in dorsal view and snout with minute tubercles, rostral lobe well developed and tubercles not densely distributed or arranged in a regular pattern. This differs from G. dampaensis in having more branched dorsal-fin rays, more branched pelvic-fin rays, fewer branched caudal-fin rays, more lateral-line scale rows and fewer predorsal scale rows, fewer upper transverse scale rows; from G. lissorhynchus by the position of a dark 'W'-shaped band (posterior end of caudal-fin vs. middle of caudal-fin), fewer lateral-line scale rows (31 vs. 34) and fewer predorsal scales (8-10 vs. 13); from G. nambulica in having more branched pelvic-fin rays (8 vs. 6), more pectoral-fin rays (14-15 vs. 12), and fewer predorsal scale rows (8-10 vs. 24); and from G. paralissorhynchus in having more pectoral-fin rays (14-15 vs. 11) and fewer predorsal scales (8-10 vs. 12) (Ref. 96639).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Arunachalam, M., S. Nandagopal and R.L. Mayden, 2014. Two new species of Garra from Mizoram, India (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) and a general comparative analyses of Indian Garra. Species 10(24):58-78. (Ref. 96639)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00439 - 0.01983), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).