Garra tyao Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden, 2014

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Labeoninae
Max. size:  7.601 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  Asia: Tyao River in Mizoram, India.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10. This species is related to Garra namyaensis, G. lissorhynchus, G. paralissorhynchus and G. nambulica. This can be diagnosed by having a rounded snout in dorsal view and snout with minute tubercles, rostral lobe well developed and tubercles not densely distributed or arranged in a regular pattern. This differs from G. dampaensis in having more branched dorsal-fin rays, more branched pelvic-fin rays, fewer branched caudal-fin rays, more lateral-line scale rows and fewer predorsal scale rows, fewer upper transverse scale rows; from G. lissorhynchus by the position of a dark 'W'-shaped band (posterior end of caudal-fin vs. middle of caudal-fin), fewer lateral-line scale rows (31 vs. 34) and fewer predorsal scales (8-10 vs. 13); from G. nambulica in having more branched pelvic-fin rays (8 vs. 6), more pectoral-fin rays (14-15 vs. 12), and fewer predorsal scale rows (8-10 vs. 24); and from G. paralissorhynchus in having more pectoral-fin rays (14-15 vs. 11) and fewer predorsal scales (8-10 vs. 12) (Ref. 96639). Description: Dorsal-fin rays ii-iii, 7; anal-fin rays ii-iii, 3-4; pectoral-fin rays i, 14-15; pelvic-fin rays i, 8 (Ref. 96639)
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (130435)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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