Garra napata : fisheries

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Garra napata Moritz, Straube & Neumann, 2019

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drawing shows typical species in Cyprinidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).;  napata: Named after "Napata", the capital of the ancient Kush kingdom, which is very close to the type locality of this species; a noun in apposition (Ref. 122047).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Main Nile River in Sudan and Egypt (Ref. 122047).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122047)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8; Vertebrae: 34 - 36. Diagnosis: Garra napata differs from all other African Garra species, except G. jamila and G. ethelwynnae, in a scaleless area on the dorsal body area clearly exceeding beyond dorsal fin origin and thus in an incomplete count of only 1 to 2.5 scale rows between the origin of the dorsal fin and lateral line series vs. 3 or more (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from G. ethelwynnae from the Damas River basin in Eritrea by: its intermediate, type B, developed disc and only minute free posterior flap vs. prominent disc of type C with well-developed posterior flap; and an asquamate postpelvic area vs. squamate (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from G. jamila of the Atbara by: its intermediate type B developed disc with a very small free posterior flap vs. prominent disc type C with well-developed posterior flap; a smoother upper lip vs. crenate; and, in live specimens, an uncoloured anal fin vs. red anal fin; dark humeral spot large and nearly twice as big as red postopercular spot vs. equally sized small humeral and postopercular spots; fixed specimens usually display a pronounced lateral band and pale back vs. dark back strongly and contrasting light belly (Ref. 122047). It is distinguished from Garra vinciguerrae and G. sannarensis by: its narrow disc, width much smaller than mouth vs. as large as mouth width; virtually absent lateroposterior flap of the disc vs. clearly developed; and a relatively broad head, i.e. cheeks visible when viewed from dorsal vs. cheeks not visible; from G. vinciguerrae by its prominent dark colour markings in the centre of the dorsal-fin membrane near its base vs. no such pattern; from G. sp. "White Nile" by its visible cheeks when viewed from dorsal vs. not visible from above, and by its short barbels barely reaching margin of lower-lip pad vs. almost reaching each other (Ref. 122047).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Rheophilic and collected from swift water in strong current, likely prefers habitats with high velocity; occurs syntopically with other rheophilic species like Garra vinciguerrae, Chiloglanis niloticus, Andersonia leptura and Labeo forskalii (Ref. 122047).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Moritz, T., N. Straube and D. Neumann, 2019. The Garra species (Cyprinidae) of the Main Nile basin with description of three new species. Cybium 43(4):311-329. (Ref. 122047)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00438 - 0.02182), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .