Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae
Etymology: Centrophorus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335); longipinnis: Name from Latin 'longus' (long) and 'pinna' (fin) , referring to its very distinctive long-based first dorsal fin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 330 - 460 m (Ref. 116740), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Pacific: Taiwan, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 77.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116740); 93.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This medium sized (<1 m maximum total length) species is distinguished by the following
set of characters: body relatively slender and head moderately long (20.5-25.1% TL); snout relatively short (horizontal preorbital length 6.4-8.4% TL) and is rounded in dorsal view; the first dorsal is extremely long based (base length 20.8-23.3% TL, soft fin length 16.9-20.2% TL) and relatively high (height 5.7-7.2% TL), the inner margin relatively short (5.3-6.8% TL, 2.6-3.2 in soft fin length); second dorsal fin is much smaller in area to first, similar in height to first dorsal fin (height 1.0-1.3 in first dorsal-fin height); pectoral fins large (anterior margin length 11.0-13.0% TL), free rear tip elongate in larger individuals (2.2-4.0% TL); lateral trunk denticles of larger individuals are sessile (not raised on pedicels), block-like, not elevated; upper teeth of larger individuals with erect to slightly oblique cusps; lower teeth of all sized specimens are much larger than upper teeth, strongly oblique, blade-like; total vertebral centra 112-122; teeth 38-43/29-31 (Ref. 116740).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
White, W.T., D.A. Ebert and G.J.P. Naylor, 2017. Revision of the genus Centrophorus (Squaliformes: Centrophoridae): Part 2 - Description of two new species of Centrophorus and clarification of the status of Centrophorus lusitanicus Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864. Zootaxa 4344 (1):086-114. (Ref. 116740)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .