Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
() > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335); fischeri: Named for Dr. Walter Fischer.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic. Tropical
Eastern Atlantic: African coast from Mauritania south at least to Moçamedes (southern Angola)(Ref. 58464). Confirmed historical records from Ascension Island and the Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 58464, 81654).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 53.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58464)
soft rays: 17 - 19;
Vertebrae: 24. Diagnosis: member of the Caranx hippos complex, characterized by the following: segmented dorsal-fin rays 21-23 (exceptional 24); segmented anal-fin rays 17-19, usually 18; posttemporal bones hyperossified in specimens larger than 20 cm FL; cleithrum, first pterygiophore of dorsal and anal fins, and neural spines of vertebrae relatively slender and never hyperossified; for individuals > 20 cm FL, heights of longest dorsal- and anal-fin rays both 0.7-1.3 in HL; in adults, anal-fin lobe white anteriorly and remainder of fin gray to brown (Ref. 58464). Black spot on pectoral fin; median pre-pelvic patch of scales, rest of chest naked; well-developed adipose eyelid at posterior eye border; upper jaw reaches to about level of posterior eye border in adults; dorsal soft fin ray lobe longer than head in large adults; 25-40 scutes on the posterior part of lateral line (Ref. 81654).
Coloration: ground colour greenish to bluish, black-bluish dorsally, white-silvery to yellowish or golden ventrally; opercle with a distinct black spot; pectoral fin with a characteristic black blotch in adults; distal part of soft dorsal fin lobe dark to pale; adults with anal fin lobe mostly white (vs anal fin lobe entirely yellow in C. hippos); juveniles with 5 dark bars on body (Ref. 81654).
Attains at least 80 cm fork length (Ref. 81654).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F. and K.E. Carpenter, 2007. Review of the crevalle jacks, Caranx hippos complex (Teleostei: Carangidae), with a description of a new species from West Africa. Fish. Bull. 105(2):207-233. (Ref. 58464)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.2 - 25.7, mean 19.7 °C (based on 72 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00814 - 0.03709), b=2.95 (2.78 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .