Teleostei (teleosts) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Hemicaranx: Greek, hemi = the half + French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 9626). Subtropical; 37°N - 41°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico southward to Florianópolis, Brazil; not found in most parts of the Lesser Antilles (Ref. 9626). Also found in Uruguay (Ref. 54736) and Argentina (Ref. 2806).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Adults are coastal species. They do not form large schools (Ref. 35237). Juveniles are encountered in brackish estuaries (Ref. 5217), moving to greater depths as it grows, but not deeper than 50 m (Ref. 9626). Eggs are pelagic, spawning occurs generally in summer (Ref. 35237). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9626).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 22.9 - 28, mean 25.6 °C (based on 474 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00635 - 0.02739), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 95.3 [52.2, 207.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.65 [0.91, 3.08] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.1 [18.9, 21.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.401 [0.248, 0.679] g/100g ; Selenium = 19 [10, 37] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.8 [3.5, 32.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.719 [0.503, 1.061] mg/100g (wet weight);