Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Zeniontidae
Etymology: Zenion: Particle zen, derived from zao = to give life .
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 450 m (Ref. 6543). Deep-water
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola, Ascension and St. Helena Islands. Western Atlantic: off northeast Florida, the Bahamas, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean to southern Brazil. Western Indian Ocean: Delagoa Bay, Mozambique Channel, off Kenya?, India. Possibly throughout the southern hemisphere.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6543)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Karrer, C., 1990. Zeniidae. p. 629-630. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6543)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.8 - 19.3, mean 13.5 °C (based on 189 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5703 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00481 - 0.03145), b=2.99 (2.77 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .