Teleostei (teleosts) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Hemiramphidae
Etymology: Chriodorus: Greek, chrio, chroa, to touch, to rub + Greek, dora = skin (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Goode & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - ? m. Subtropical
Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Cuba and Yucatan, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95280); max. published weight: 84.20 g (Ref. 111845)
Forms schools in bays and waterways, especially around seagrass beds.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00269 - 0.00446), b=3.11 (3.04 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 235 [101, 525] mg/100g; Iron = 1.64 [0.73, 3.44] mg/100g; Protein = 18.1 [15.7, 20.4] %; Omega3 = 0.31 [0.13, 0.87] g/100g; Selenium = 14.3 [6.0, 32.9] μg/100g; VitaminA = 15.2 [4.5, 64.5] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.43 [0.92, 2.22] mg/100g (wet weight);