Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Ceratogarra: Greek noun κzρας, -ατος (keras, keratos) meaning horn, and the ge genus name Garra; referring to the two ‘horns’ at the tip of the snout..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 20°C - 25°C (Ref. 13614)
Southeast Asia: middle and lower Mekong, Chao Phraya and Mae Khlong drainages, and the northern part of the Malay Peninsula.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118477)
This species is distinguished from by the following set of characters: with a pair of large conical tubercles at the tip of the snout, directed laterally; top and side of the snout (between the tip and the eye) with numerous tubercles, all conical, of various sizes; with a broad, contrasted dark brown to black midlateral stripe on a pale brown background and whitish to yellow lower half of flank; a red to black marginal or submarginal band along the upper and lower edges of the caudal fin; a single pair of barbels (maxillary); the pulvinus of the gular disc thin, flat, covering the posterior edge of the torus; no groove between the pulvinus and the labrum; lateral extremities of the torus continuous with the labrum and the labella; the labrum connected to the rostral cap by the labella (partly folded under the labrum); the torus, labella and labrum (sometimes also the anterior edge of the pulvinus) are entirely covered by small papillae; no subtoral fold and proboscis (Ref. 128869).
Inhabits rocky bottoms in swiftly moving water of small and medium-sized streams. Feeds on periphyton, phytoplankton and some insects (Ref. 12693). usually abundant; the adults live in loose groups of 4-10 individuals while juveniles 3.0-4.0 cm SL may form loose schools of tens of individuals (Ref. 128869). Not fished commercially, but occasionally seen in the aquarium trade (Ref 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2020. Ceratogarra, a genus name for Garra cambodgiensis and G. fasciacauda and comments on the oral and gular soft anatomy in labeonine fishes (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. 35:156-178. (Ref. 128869)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00461 - 0.01803), b=3.01 (2.85 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.21 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100).