Ceratogarra cambodgiensis (Tirant, 1883)
Stonelapping minnow
photo by Janiczak, B.J.

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Labeoninae
Max. size:  24 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  Southeast Asia: middle and lower Mekong, Chao Phraya and Mae Khlong drainages, and the northern part of the Malay Peninsula.
Diagnosis:  This species is distinguished from by the following set of characters: with a pair of large conical tubercles at the tip of the snout, directed laterally; top and side of the snout (between the tip and the eye) with numerous tubercles, all conical, of various sizes; with a broad, contrasted dark brown to black midlateral stripe on a pale brown background and whitish to yellow lower half of flank; a red to black marginal or submarginal band along the upper and lower edges of the caudal fin; a single pair of barbels (maxillary); the pulvinus of the gular disc thin, flat, covering the posterior edge of the torus; no groove between the pulvinus and the labrum; lateral extremities of the torus continuous with the labrum and the labella; the labrum connected to the rostral cap by the labella (partly folded under the labrum); the torus, labella and labrum (sometimes also the anterior edge of the pulvinus) are entirely covered by small papillae; no subtoral fold and proboscis (Ref. 128869).
Biology:  Inhabits rocky bottoms in swiftly moving water of small and medium-sized streams. Feeds on periphyton, phytoplankton and some insects (Ref. 12693). usually abundant; the adults live in loose groups of 4-10 individuals while juveniles 3.0-4.0 cm SL may form loose schools of tens of individuals (Ref. 128869). Not fished commercially, but occasionally seen in the aquarium trade (Ref 12693).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 01 February 2019 Ref. (130435)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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