Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish. More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 60 m (Ref. 91172), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 33°N - 12°S, 115°W - 78°W (Ref. 55)
Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Peru.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 17 - 18 cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9313); max. published weight: 1.3 kg (Ref. 40637)
soft rays: 8. Preopercular notch and knob weak. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above the lateral line. Pale crimson on side, often with silvery sheen of horizontal rows of bluish spots; belly golden yellow. Head with bluish spots and irregular broken lines, especially across cheek. A large blackish blotch on the upper back below the posterior of the dorsal spines.
Adults are found over hard bottoms in inshore reef areas. Generally solitary or in small groups but may occasionally form big schools (Ref. 9313). Juveniles inhabit estuaries and mouths of rivers (Ref. 9313). Carnivorous, feed on invertebrates and fish (Ref. 9313). Marketed fresh or frozen (Ref. 9313).
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.3 - 29.1, mean 26.2 °C (based on 214 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00841 - 0.02067), b=2.91 (2.79 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K = 0.19; Fec = 66,400).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 26.6 [17.2, 39.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.321 [0.219, 0.504] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.137 [0.100, 0.188] g/100g ; Selenium = 90.5 [60.4, 135.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 86.9 [17.4, 264.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.443 [0.324, 0.736] mg/100g (wet weight);