Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Stellifer: Latin, stella = satr + latin, fero = to carry (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 20 m (Ref. 89891). Subtropical; 38°N - 26°N, 98°W - 76°W
Western Atlantic: Virginia to Texas in USA, except for southern Florida.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 8 - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3702)
Occurs usually over hard sandy mud bottoms in coastal waters to about 20 m depth. Also common in river estuaries. Feeds mainly on small crustaceans. Not marketed for human consumption.
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23 - 26.1, mean 23.9 °C (based on 137 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00276 - 0.01201), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100).