Growth parameters for Merluccius merluccius
 
Maximum Length 140cm TL
n = 154
Note that studies where Loo is very different (+/- 1/3) from Lmax are doubtful.
Lm vs Linf graph [n = 13]
Reproductive graph [n = 6]
M vs K graph [n = 20]
M vs Linf graph [n = 20]
Longevity vs 3/K graph [n = 13]
ø = 2.92
L inf = 81.6 cm TL
K = 0.1
Median record no. 78
89816Ref. 89816
Loo
(cm)
Length Type K
(1/y)
to
(years)
Sex M
(1/y)
Temp° C Lm Ø' Country Locality Questionable Captive
19.7 TL 0.446 14.0 2.24 Spain Capet Bank, Costa Brava, 90 m Yes No
28.9 TL 0.634 14.0 2.72 Spain Can Farré Bank, Costa Brava, 400 m Yes No
38.4 TL 0.220 14.0 2.51 Algeria Mediterranean, North Africa Yes No
40.0 TL 0.200 14.0 2.51 Tunisia Yes No
40.1 TL 0.270 M 0.50 14.0 2.64 Algeria Bou-Ismail Yes No
42.1 TL 0.405 -0.01 14.0 2.86 Italy Mediterranean, off Fano Yes No
43.3 TL 0.142 14.0 2.43 Spain off Castellon Yes No
44.0 TL 0.130 M 0.60 14.0 23.0 2.40 Turkey Marmara Sea Yes No
44.2 TL 0.380 -0.39 M 0.41 14.1 2.87 Turkey Sea of Marmara Yes No
47.4 NG 0.349 -0.11 M 2.89 Turkey Edremit Bay Yes  
48.7 TL 0.321 M 2.88 Algeria Algerian coasts Yes No
48.7 TL 0.321 M 2.88 Algeria central Algerian coast Yes No
49.0 TL 0.209 2.70 Italy Ligurian Sea Yes No
49.4 TL 0.290 -0.01 M 2.85 Italy Strait of Sicily Yes No
49.8 TL 0.280 -0.33 M 2.84 Italy Ligurian Sea Yes No
50.7 TL 0.200 M 0.39 13.2 2.71 France Gulf of Lion Yes No
51.5 TL 0.200 F 0.29 14.0 2.72 Algeria Bou-Ismail Yes No
51.5 TL 0.220 2.77 Algeria Beni-Saf Yes No
51.8 TL 0.181 -0.55 M 2.69 Italy N. Ionian Sea Yes No
51.8 TL 0.180 -0.55 M 2.68 Italy Cape Otranto (40° 06'N, 18° 31'E) and Cappe Passero (36° 41'N, 15° 10'E), Ionian Sea No No
52.0 TL 0.180 -0.56 M 2.69 Italy Ionian Sea Yes No
53.0 TL 0.300 -0.47 F 0.41 14.1 2.93 Turkey Sea of Marmara No No
53.3 TL 0.224 -0.97 M 21.7 2.80 northern Tyrrhenian Sea Yes No
53.4 TL 0.272 M 2.89 Italy North Tyrrhenian Sea Yes No
53.5 NG 0.385 -0.08 F 3.04 Turkey Edremit Bay No  
54.5 TL 0.315 -0.22 0.58 2.97 Turkey ?zmir Bay Yes No
55.0 TL 0.250 M 2.88 Italy Tyrrhenian Sea Yes No
55.8 TL 0.179 -0.42 M 0.32 13.0 26.0 2.75 France Gulf of Lion Yes No
55.8 NG 0.180 -0.42 M 2.75 France Bay of Lion Yes  
57.0 TL 0.170 -0.83 M 2.74 Croatia Yes No
57.1 TL 0.163 -0.39 M 14.2 2.73 Italy Sicilian Channel Yes No
59.3 TL 0.190 -0.85 M 0.20 14.0 28.0 2.82 Tunisia Gulf of Tunis Yes No
59.6 TL 0.390 14.0 3.14 Spain Malica Bank, Costa Brava, 500 m Yes No
59.8 TL 0.145 -1.60 14.0 2.71 Greece Evvoikos Gulf Yes No
60.0 TL 0.100 F 0.50 14.0 27.0 2.56 Turkey Marmara Sea Yes No
60.0 TL 0.300 14.0 3.03 Greece Saronikos Gulf Yes No
60.8 TL 0.255 14.0 2.97 Spain Barana Bank, Costa Brava, 700 m Yes No
62.0 TL 0.344 14.0 3.12 Central Adriatic 43°20'N 15°10'E Yes No
62.0 TL 0.190 -0.39 F 2.86 Italy Ionian Sea Yes No
63.4 TL 0.150 -1.03 M 2.78 Spain NW Iberian waters (southern stock) Yes No
63.4 TL 0.150 -1.03 M 2.78 Spain Northwest Iberian waters No No
63.8 TL 0.075 14.0 2.48 Greece Patraikos Gulf Yes No
64.1 TL 0.167 0.30 M 2.84 Morocco Mediterranean coast Yes No
65.2 TL 0.103 -0.17 14.0 2.64 Greece North Aegean Sea Yes No
65.3 TL 0.181 14.0 2.89 France Mediterranean Yes No
65.9 TL 0.068 0.15 15.5 2.47 Greece Korinthiakos Gulf Yes No
66.0 TL 0.195 M 2.93 France Gulf of Lions Yes No
67.5 TL 0.159 -0.44 F 2.86 Croatia Yes No
67.5 TL 0.144 -0.88 2.82 Croatia Yes No
68.8 TL 0.150 F 0.34 13.2 2.85 France Gulf of Lion Yes No
69.4 TL 0.145 -0.35 F 0.25 14.2 2.84 Italy Sicilian Channel Yes No
69.6 TL 0.141 -0.73 F 2.83 Italy N. Ionian Sea Yes No
69.6 TL 0.140 -0.73 F 2.83 Italy Cape Otranto (40° 06'N, 18° 31'E) and Cappe Passero (36° 41'N, 15° 10'E), Ionian Sea No No
70.0 TL 0.184 -0.97 M 32.8 2.96 Portugal Northwest Iberian Peninsula No No
70.0 TL 0.184 -0.97 M 2.96 Spain North and Northwest Iberian waters No No
70.7 TL 0.180 -0.18 F 20.0 2.95 Italy Strait of Sicily No No
71.4 TL 0.160 14.0 2.91 Tunisia Mediterranean No No
71.7 TL 0.081 14.0 2.62 Greece Ionian Sea, 1983-85 No No
72.8 TL 0.149 F 2.90 France Gulf of Lion No No
72.8 TL 0.233 M 3.09 France Gulf of Lions No No
73.0 TL 0.156 -0.80 F 0.20 14.2 38.0 2.92 Tunisia Gulf of Tunis No No
73.6 TL 0.240 -0.62 3.11 Greece Saronikos Gulf No No
75.7 TL 0.153 -0.14 M 2.94 Italy Adriatic No No
76.6 TL 0.104 -1.30 2.79 Morocco No No
77.7 TL 0.153 -0.34 M 2.96 Turkey 36°07´148N-035°17´978 E, 36°13´720 N-035°22´998 E No No
78.0 TL 0.130 2.90 Croatia No No
78.1 TL 0.201 -0.31 F 3.09 Italy Ligurian Sea No No
78.5 TL 0.106 -0.42 M 2.82 Morocco Strait of Gibraltar No No
79.1 TL 0.185 F 3.06 Italy North Tyrrhenian Sea No No
80.0 TL 0.181 -0.72 M 3.06 France Bay of Biscay (north stock) No No
80.0 TL 0.181 -0.72 M 3.06 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
80.0 TL 0.436 M 3.45 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
80.2 TL 0.110 F 0.25 13.2 42.0 2.85 France Gulf of Lion No No
80.2 NG 0.110 -0.52 F 2.85 France Bay of Lion No  
80.6 TL 0.139 F 2.96 Algeria Algerian coasts No No
80.6 TL 0.139 F 2.96 Algeria central Algerian coast No No
81.5 TL 0.150 -0.08 3.00 Malta Malta Island and South of Sicily (GSA 15-16) No No
81.6 TL 0.124 0.20 F 2.92 Morocco Mediterranean coast No No
81.7 TL 0.085 -1.16 2.75 Turkey Hekim and Uzum Islands, Izmir Bay No No
82.6 TL 0.126 -0.31 F 2.93 Italy Adriatic No No
83.0 TL 0.148 -0.42 M 3.01 France Bay of Biscay No No
83.0 TL 0.148 -0.42 M 3.01 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
83.3 TL 0.125 -0.73 2.94 Croatia Adriatic Sea No No
83.9 TL 0.296 11.0 3.32 Ireland No No
85.0 TL 0.210 14.0 3.18 Morocco No No
85.0 TL 0.120 2.94 Italy N. central Adriatic Sea No No
85.0 TL 0.120 2.94 Croatia No No
85.0 TL 0.170 3.09 Spain Balearic Islands (GSA 5) No No
88.5 TL 0.109 -1.00 M 0.57 2.93 Turkey Gökçeada Island No No
88.7 TL 0.127 -1.16 F 45.4 3.00 Portugal Northwest Iberian Peninsula No No
88.7 TL 0.127 -1.16 F 3.00 Spain North and Northwest Iberian waters No No
90.0 TL 0.190 M 25.0 3.19 Spain Santa Pola Bay No No
91.7 TL 0.072 -0.26 2.78 Spain Majorca Island No No
92.2 TL 0.131 -0.62 F 35.9 3.05 northern Tyrrhenian Sea No No
92.8 TL 0.097 -0.69 2.92 Croatia Jabuka Pit No No
92.8 TL 0.097 -0.63 2.92 Adriatic Sea No No
93.0 TL 0.100 F 2.94 Italy Tyrrhenian Sea No No
94.0 TL 0.114 -0.60 F 3.00 Turkey 36°07´148N-035°17´978 E, 36°13´720 N-035°22´998 E No No
94.2 TL 0.090 0.30 13.0 2.90 Spain Baleares No No
94.2 TL 0.086 2.88 Spain Palma, Majorca Island No No
96.8 TL 0.081 -1.15 2.88 Morocco SW Mediterranean No No
97.9 TL 0.130 -0.02 3.10 Italy South Tyrrhenian Sea (GSA 10) No No
99.8 TL 0.060 -2.36 F 2.78 Spain NW Iberian waters (southern stock) No No
99.8 TL 0.060 -2.36 F 2.78 Spain Northwest Iberian waters No No
99.9 TL 0.060 -2.74 2.78 Spain NW Iberian waters No No
100.0 TL 0.158 14.0 3.20 Morocco 30-40° N No No
100.0 TL 0.067 -1.09 M 2.83 Morocco No No
100.0 TL 0.080 -1.42 2.90 Spain N and NW Iberian waters (southern stock) No No
100.0 TL 0.080 -1.42 2.90 Spain N and NW Iberian waters No No
100.7 TL 0.124 F 3.10 France Gulf of Lion No No
100.7 TL 0.236 F 3.38 France Gulf of Lions No No
100.7 TL 0.248 3.40 Italy Sardinia (GSA 11) No No
102.3 TL 0.091 -1.31 F 0.57 2.98 Turkey Gökçeada Island No No
102.4 TL 0.075 -0.76 F 2.90 Morocco Strait of Gibraltar No No
102.4 TL 0.091 -0.83 M 0.19 2.98 Turkey Sea of Marmara No No
103.0 TL 0.073 -1.53 F 14.0 2.89 Greece Tbermaikos Gulf No No
104.0 TL 0.075 -1.82 14.0 2.91 Greece Central Aegean Sea No No
104.0 TL 0.200 0.03 3.34 Italy Ligurian and North Tyrrhenian Sea (GSA 9) No No
105.0 TL 0.200 F 31.0 3.34 Spain Santa Pola Bay No No
105.0 TL 0.184 11.0 3.31 France Gulf of Biscay No No
106.4 TL 0.082 -1.10 F 0.19 2.97 Turkey Sea of Marmara No No
107.0 TL 0.200 0.00 3.36 Spain Gulf of Alicante, Mediterranean No No
107.0 TL 0.200 0.00 3.36 Italy Western Ionian Sea (GSA 19) No No
110.0 TL 0.065 -0.82 F 2.90 Morocco No No
110.0 TL 0.122 -0.62 F 3.17 France Bay of Biscay (north stock) No No
110.0 TL 0.064 -0.76 2.89 Morocco No No
110.0 TL 0.110 3.12 Italy Tyrrhenian Sea No No
110.0 TL 0.110 F 3.12 France Gulf of Lions No No
110.0 TL 0.122 -0.62 F 3.17 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
110.0 TL 0.261 F 3.50 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
112.0 TL 0.121 14.0 3.18 Morocco Agadir Bight No No
116.0 TL 0.098 -0.51 F 3.12 France Bay of Biscay No No
116.0 TL 0.098 -0.51 F 3.12 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
117.0 TL 0.062 -1.57 M 14.0 2.93 Greece Tbermaikos Gulf No No
123.7 TL 0.087 F 3.12 UK No Ireld NE Ireland No No
123.7 TL 0.087 F 3.12 Ireland Northeast coast No No
124.0 TL 0.070 F 3.03 UK No Ireld NE Ireland No No
124.0 TL 0.069 M 3.03 UK No Ireld NE Ireland No No
124.0 TL 0.070 F 3.03 Ireland Northeast coast No No
124.0 TL 0.069 M 3.03 Ireland Northeast coast No No
125.4 TL 0.070 3.04 Spain NW Iberian waters (southern stock) No No
125.4 TL 0.070 3.04 Spain NW Iberian waters No No
125.9 TL 0.204 3.51 UK Scotland Clyde and other Scottish Sea areas No No
125.9 TL 0.204 3.51 UK Scotland No No
126.4 TL 0.710 4.05 UK Scotland Yes No
126.9 TL 0.184 F 3.47 Spain Balearic Islands (Palma) No No
127.5 TL 0.073 -1.13 3.07 France Bay of Biscay (north stock) No No
127.5 TL 0.073 -1.13 3.07 Spain Bay of Biscay No No
128.6 TL 0.087 3.16 Ireland SW Ireland No No
128.6 TL 0.087 3.16 Ireland Southwest coast No No
171.8 TL 0.059 3.24 France Bay of Biscay No No
171.8 TL 0.059 3.24 France Golfe de Gascogne, Bay of Biscay No No
268.2 TL 0.024 M 3.24 UK No Ireld NE Ireland Yes No
268.2 TL 0.024 M 3.24 Ireland Northeast coast Yes No
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