Hypnos monopterygius, Coffin ray

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Hypnos monopterygius (Shaw, 1795)

Coffin ray
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Image of Hypnos monopterygius (Coffin ray)
Hypnos monopterygius
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (tubarões e raias) (sharks and rays) > Torpediniformes (Electric rays) > Hypnidae (Coffin rays)
Etymology: Hypnos: Greek, hypnos = sleep (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; intervalo de profundidade 0 - 240 m (Ref. 9710).   Temperate; 18°S - 38°S, 112°E - 155°E (Ref. 114953)

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: endemic to Australia.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?, range 24 - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 2272); common length : 40.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 6871)

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs inshore and offshore, ranging from the intertidal to 240 m depth (Ref. 9910, 12951). Found buried on sand and mud bottoms; sometimes found stranded out of water by the tide but is capable of surviving for hours (Ref. 9910). Feeds on crabs, worms, and fishes. It was reported that larger fishes, similar size to themselves have been found in the stomachs of Coffin rays, ingested whole through the large gape (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Maximum length probably to 92 cm TL (Ref. 9910). Both sexes mature at 40-48 cm TL; born at ca. 8-11 cm TL (Ref. 114953). A slow-moving species which uses its electric organs to stun prey. Also stuns people when accidentally stepped upon or handled (Ref. 9910).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Size at birth 8 to 11 cm TL (Ref. 9910).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Carvalho, Marcelo | Colaboradores

Compagno, L.J.V., 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 February 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

Other (Ref. 10011)





Utilização humana

Pescarias: sem interesse
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.3 - 22.2, mean 17.4 °C (based on 134 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  .
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 5.13 [0.68, 30.05] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.164 [0.029, 0.621] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [12.7, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.306 [0.124, 0.777] g/100g ; Selenium = 7.15 [1.63, 28.27] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 43.5 [8.5, 216.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.468 [0.123, 1.784] mg/100g (wet weight);