Ecology of Hypnos monopterygius
 
Main Ref. Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Hypnos monopterygius may be found.
Remarks Found on sand, mud, in grass beds, on coral and rocky reef sand patches, and reef flats. Depth ranges from the intertidal to zone to 240 m. Buries itself and sometimes found stranded out of water by the tide but is capable of surviving for hours (Ref. 9910). Feeds on crabs, worms, and fishes.

Substrate

Substrate Benthic; Soft Bottom Hard Bottom;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.67 0.57 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 12.11.00
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 07.31.08
Comments & Corrections
 
Sign our Guest Book 
Back to Search
cfm script by eagbayani,  ,  php script by rolavides, 2/5/2008 ,  last modified by mbactong, 10/24/19