Ecology of Hypnos monopterygius
Main Ref. Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Hypnos monopterygius may be found.
Remarks Found on sand, mud, in grass beds, on coral and rocky reef sand patches, and reef flats. Depth ranges from the intertidal to zone to 240 m. Buries itself and sometimes found stranded out of water by the tide but is capable of surviving for hours (Ref. 9910). Feeds on crabs, worms, and fishes.


Substrate Benthic; Soft Bottom Hard Bottom;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 3.67 0.57 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 12.11.00
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 07.31.08
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