Squalus montalbani, Indonesian greeneye spurdog

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Squalus montalbani Whitley, 1931

Indonesian greeneye spurdog
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Squalus montalbani   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Squalus montalbani (Indonesian greeneye spurdog)
Squalus montalbani
Picture by Graham, K.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (hajar och rockor) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436).  More on author: Whitley.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina djupbottenlevande; djupintervall 154 - 1370 m (Ref. 58048), usually 383 - 670 m (Ref. 58441).   Deep-water

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean to Pacific: Philippines, Indonesia to Australia.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 58441); 94.5 cm TL (female)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

This large species of the ‘mitsukurii group’ is distinguished by the following set of characters: body elongate to robust, trunk depth 8.9-13.4% TL (mean 11.4% TL, n=14); snout is broadly triangular, with mouth width 1.69-2.32 (1.85) times the horizontal prenarial length; pre-first dorsal length 26.5-30.7 (29.0)% TL; pre-second dorsal length 57.6-62.8 (60.8)% TL; interdorsal space 21.7-25.9 (23.7)% TL; low raked dorsal fins; second dorsal-fin length 11.1-13.9 (12.4)% TL, height 3.4-4.6 (4.0)% TL, inner margin length 4.0-5.9 (4.8)% TL; second dorsal-fin base 15.8-21.3 (20.8) times the base of second dorsal spine; pre-pectoral length 20.8-22.9 (22.0)% TL; pelvic-caudal space 22.9-26.0 (24.0)% TL; caudal bar is almost upright, extending broadly from the caudal fork up the poster or margin of the upper lobe for about 0.6 of its length in immature specimens, upper caudal fringe forming a deep saddle along midlength of lobe; flank denticles tricuspid; monospondylous centra 41-47 (mainly 42-44), precaudal centra 79-85, total centra 105-114 (Ref. 58441).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Occurs on or near the bottom of upper continental and insular slopes. Viviparous with yolk-sac dependency; gives birth to 4-16 pups, gestation unknown. Feeds mainly on small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Usually caught by demersal longline fisheries operating in deepwater. Marketed for its meat, fins, and liver oil which has a high value (Ref. 58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Medarbetare

Last, P.R., W.T. White and H. Motomura, 2007. Description of Squalus chloroculus sp. nov., a new spurdog from southern Australia, and the resurrection of S. montalbani Whitley. p. 55-69. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea:Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 p. (Ref. 58441)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Sårbar, se IUCNs rödlista (VU) (A2bd+3d); Date assessed: 03 August 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

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Ekosystem
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synonymer
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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.6 - 11.9, mean 8.6 °C (based on 239 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00157 - 0.00730), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mycket låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mer än 14 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .