Squalus montalbani, Indonesian greeneye spurdog

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Squalus montalbani Whitley, 1931

Indonesian greeneye spurdog
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Squalus montalbani   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Squalus montalbani (Indonesian greeneye spurdog)
Squalus montalbani
Picture by Graham, K.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436).  More on author: Whitley.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 154 - 1370 m (Ref. 58048), usually 383 - 670 m (Ref. 58441).   

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean to Pacific: Philippines, Indonesia to Australia.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 58441); 94.5 cm TL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

This large species of the ‘mitsukurii group’ is distinguished by the following set of characters: body elongate to robust, trunk depth 8.9-13.4% TL (mean 11.4% TL, n=14); snout is broadly triangular, with mouth width 1.69-2.32 (1.85) times the horizontal prenarial length; pre-first dorsal length 26.5-30.7 (29.0)% TL; pre-second dorsal length 57.6-62.8 (60.8)% TL; interdorsal space 21.7-25.9 (23.7)% TL; low raked dorsal fins; second dorsal-fin length 11.1-13.9 (12.4)% TL, height 3.4-4.6 (4.0)% TL, inner margin length 4.0-5.9 (4.8)% TL; second dorsal-fin base 15.8-21.3 (20.8) times the base of second dorsal spine; pre-pectoral length 20.8-22.9 (22.0)% TL; pelvic-caudal space 22.9-26.0 (24.0)% TL; caudal bar is almost upright, extending broadly from the caudal fork up the poster or margin of the upper lobe for about 0.6 of its length in immature specimens, upper caudal fringe forming a deep saddle along midlength of lobe; flank denticles tricuspid; monospondylous centra 41-47 (mainly 42-44), precaudal centra 79-85, total centra 105-114 (Ref. 58441).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs on or near the bottom of upper continental and insular slopes. Viviparous with yolk-sac dependency; gives birth to 4-16 pups, gestation unknown. Feeds mainly on small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Usually caught by demersal longline fisheries operating in deepwater. Marketed for its meat, fins, and liver oil which has a high value (Ref. 58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

Last, P.R., W.T. White and H. Motomura, 2007. Description of Squalus chloroculus sp. nov., a new spurdog from southern Australia, and the resurrection of S. montalbani Whitley. p. 55-69. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea:Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 p. (Ref. 58441)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (A2bd+3d); Date assessed: 03 August 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

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网络资源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.6 - 11.9, mean 8.6 °C (based on 239 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00157 - 0.00730), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .