Gasterochisma melampus, Butterfly kingfish : fisheries, gamefish

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Gasterochisma melampus Richardson, 1845

Butterfly kingfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gasterochisma melampus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gasterochisma melampus (Butterfly kingfish)
Gasterochisma melampus
Picture by Archambault, C.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Gasterochismatinae
Etymology: Gasterochisma: Greek, gaster = stomach + Greek, chiasma = marked with the sign of "X" (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Richardson.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; ozeanodrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich 200 - m (Ref. 9563), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 8°C - 15°C (Ref. 168); 19°S - 55°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 168)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Circumglobal in southern temperate waters.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 164 cm FL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 168)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 17 - 18; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 9-12; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 11 - 13; Wirbelzahl: 44. Pelvic fins enormous in juveniles, longer than head length. Pelvic fins fitting into a deep ventral groove at all sizes. Interpelvic process tiny and bifid. No anterior corselet. Swim bladder present with two anterior projections that extend into the back of the skull. The morphological adaptations required for maintaining high brain and retinal temperatures are discussed in Ref. 11221.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs in deep oceanic waters (Ref. 9563), most abundant in waters of 8° to 10°C. Stomach contents of the specimen from north of the Hawaiian Archipelago include onychoteuthids, ommastrephid squid, vertebrae and fin rays from an unidentified fish, bird feathers and parasitic nematodes (Ref. 11006). Taken as longline by-catch by Japanese fishing for Thunnus maccoyii.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Partner

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 124695)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 September 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO - Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 10.2 - 15.9, mean 11.7 °C (based on 22 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 33.7 [18.7, 59.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.49 [0.95, 2.55] mg/100g ; Protein = 22.8 [20.7, 24.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.446 [0.292, 0.714] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.7 [19.6, 60.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13 [5, 37] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.537 [0.383, 0.796] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.