Family Bythitidae - Livebearing brotulas
  Order
:
Bythitidae Bythitidae
  Class
:
Actinopteri
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 39 | Species : 127 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Chiefly marine; rare in brackish and freshwaters. Usually with scales. Swim bladder present. Opercle usually with strong spine. Pyloric caeca present. Vertebrae 9-22 (precaudal). Tribe Dinematichthyini: Male copulatory organ with a penis and 1-2 (rarely 3) pairs of pseudoclaspers in cavity of ventral body wall covered by a fleshy hood; first anal fin pterygiophore slightly to strongly elongated; head pore system generally unreduced, 6 mandibular, 2-4 preopercular, 5-7 infraorbital, and 3-4 supraorbital pores, including supraorbital pore above the opercular spine; posteriormost supraorbital head pore tubular (Ref. 57884). D/V = anterior dorsal fin ray above vertebra number; D/A = anterior anal fin ray below dorsal fin ray number; V/A = anterior anal fin ray below vertebrae number; V in D = number of dorsal fin rays per ray-bearing vertebra (Ref. 76869).
  Etymology
:
Greek, bythios, -a, -on = that is at the bottom, sunken ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref.
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Ophidiaria | | | Ophidiiformes | Bythitoidei | | Bythitidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Bythitidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Bythites fuscus Reinhardt, 1837
acceptedseniororiginal
Bythites gerdae Nielsen & Cohen, 1973
acceptedseniororiginal
Bythites islandicus Nielsen & Cohen, 1973
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Lucifuga dentata Poey, 1858
acceptedseniororiginal
! Lucifuga dentatus Poey, 1858
synonymseniororiginal
Stygicola dentatus (Poey, 1858)
synonymseniornew
! Stygicola dentata (Poey, 1858)
synonymseniornew
Lucifuga spelaeotes Cohen & Robins, 1970
acceptedseniororiginal
! Lucifuga spelaeoteus Cohen & Robins, 1970
synonymseniororiginal
Lucifuga simile Nalbant, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
Lucifuga teresinarum Díaz Pérez, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal
Lucifuga inopinata Cohen & McCosker, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal
Lucifuga lucayana Møller, Schwarzhans, Iliffe & Nielsen, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
Lucifuga spelaeotes (non Cohen & Robins, 1970)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Aphyonus gelatinosus Günther, 1878
acceptedseniororiginal
Aphyonus mollis Goode & Bean, 1886
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Aphyonus bolini Nielsen, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Aphyonus rassi Nielsen, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
Bellottia apoda Giglioli, 1883
acceptedseniororiginal
Bellottia armiger (Smith & Radcliffe, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
Xenobythites armiger Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
synonymseniororiginal
Bellottia galatheae Nielsen & Møller, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Bellottia armiger (non Smith & Radcliffe, 1913)
misappliedmisappliednew
Bellottia cryptica Nielsen, Ross & Cohen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Bellottia robusta Nielsen, Ross & Cohen, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Barathronus bicolor Goode & Bean, 1886
acceptedseniororiginal
Barathronus parfaiti (Vaillant, 1888)
acceptedseniornew
Alexeterion parfaiti Vaillant, 1888
synonymseniororiginal
Barathronus affinis Brauer, 1906
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Barathronus diaphanous Brauer, 1906
synonymseniororiginal
Barathronus bruuni Nielsen, 1969
acceptedseniororiginal
Barathronus pacificus Nielsen & Eagle, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Barathronus maculatus Shcherbachev, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal
Barathronus multidens Nielsen, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Barathronus unicolor Nielsen, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal
Barathronus solomonensis Nielsen & Møller, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Barathronus linsi Nielsen, Mincarone & Di Dario, 2015
acceptedseniororiginal
Cataetyx messieri (Günther, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Sirembo messieri Günther, 1878
synonymseniororiginal
! Cataetix messieri (Günther, 1878)
synonymseniornew
Cataetyx rubrirostris Gilbert, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal
Cataetyx simus Garman, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal
! Cataetix simus Garman, 1899
synonymseniororiginal
Cataetyx alleni (Byrne, 1906)
acceptedseniornew
Pteridium alleni Byrne, 1906
synonymseniororiginal
Cataetyx leucos (Osório, 1917)
ambiguousquestionablenew
Oculospinus brevis Koefoed, 1927
synonymjuniororiginal
Cataetyx brevis (Koefoed, 1927)
synonymjuniornew
Cataetyx lepidogenys (Smith & Radcliffe, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
Bythites lepidogenys Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
synonymseniororiginal
Abythites lepidogenys (Smith & Radcliffe, 1913)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Cataetyx matsubarai (Arai, 1969)
synonymjuniornew
Cataetyx laticeps Koefoed, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal
Cataetyx memorabilis Meyer-Rochow, 1970
synonymjuniororiginal
Cataetyx messieri (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Cataetyx hawaiiensis Gosline, 1954
acceptedseniororiginal
Cataetyx bruuni (Nielsen & Nybelin, 1963)
acceptedseniornew
Oculospinus bruuni Nielsen & Nybelin, 1963
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Cataetyx nielseni Balushkin & Prokofiev, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Diplacanthopoma japonicum (Steindachner & Döderlein, 1887)
acceptedseniornew
Myxocephalus japonicus Steindachner & Döderlein, 1887
synonymseniororiginal
! Diplacanthopoma japonicus (Steindachner & Döderlein, 1887)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Diplacanthopoma alcockii Goode & Bean, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Diplacanthopoma brunneum Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
acceptedseniororiginal
! Diplacanthopoma brunnea Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
synonymseniororiginal
Diplacanthopoma nigripinnis Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1924
acceptedseniororiginal
Sarcocara nigripinnis (Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1924)
synonymseniornew
Diplacanthopoma kreffti Cohen & Nielsen, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Saccogaster maculatus Alcock, 1889
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Saccogaster hawaii Cohen & Nielsen, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal
Saccogaster parva Cohen & Nielsen, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal
Saccogaster staigeri Cohen & Nielsen, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal
Saccogaster brayae Nielsen, Schwarzhans & Cohen, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Saccogaster horrida Nielsen, Schwarzhans & Cohen, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Saccogaster nikoliviae Nielsen, Schwarzhans & Cohen, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Hephthocara simum Alcock, 1892
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hepthocara simum Alcock, 1892
synonymseniororiginal
Hephthocara crassiceps Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
acceptedseniororiginal
Grammonus ater (Risso, 1810)
acceptedseniornew
Oligopus ater Risso, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
Oligopus niger Risso, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal
Grammonus diagrammus (Heller & Snodgrass, 1903)
acceptedseniornew
Eutyx diagrammus Heller & Snodgrass, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
Oligopus diagrammus (Heller & Snodgrass, 1903)
synonymseniornew
Pteraclis diagrammus (Heller & Snodgrass, 1903)
synonymseniornew
Grammonus robustus Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
acceptedseniororiginal
Oligopus robustus (Smith & Radcliffe, 1913)
synonymseniornew
Grammonus claudei (Torre y Huerta, 1930)
acceptedseniornew
Benthocometes claudei Torre y Huerta, 1930
synonymseniororiginal
Oligopus claudei (Torre y Huerta, 1930)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
! Grammonous opisthodon Smith, 1934
synonymseniororiginal
Grammonus longhursti (Cohen, 1964)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Grammonus waikiki (Cohen, 1964)
acceptedseniornew
Oligopus waikiki Cohen, 1964
synonymseniororiginal
Grammonus niger (Gosline, 1953)
ambiguoushomonymnew
Grammonus thielei Nielsen & Cohen, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Grammonus yunokawai Nielsen, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Oligopus robustus (non Smith & Radcliffe, 1913)
misappliedmisappliednew
Grammonus nagaredai Randall & Hughes, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Grammonus minutus Nielsen & Prokofiev, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudonus acutus Garman, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal
Pseudonus squamiceps (Lloyd, 1907)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Cataetyx platycephalus Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudonus platycephalus (Smith & Radcliffe, 1913)
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Sciadonus kullenbergi Nybelin, 1957
synonymjuniororiginal
Sciadonus cryptophthalmus (Zugmayer, 1911)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Sciadonus jonassoni (Nybelin, 1957)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Sciadonus galatheae (Nielsen, 1969)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Petrotyx hopkinsi Heller & Snodgrass, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal
Petrotyx sanguineus (Meek & Hildebrand, 1928)
acceptedseniornew
Pseudobythites sanguineus Meek & Hildebrand, 1928
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Parabrotula tanseimaru Miya & Nielsen, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal
Bidenichthys capensis Barnard, 1934
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Leucobrotula adipata Koefoed, 1952
acceptedseniororiginal
! Leucobrotula adipatus Koefoed, 1952
synonymseniororiginal
Microbrotula rubra Gosline, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal
Microbrotula bentleyi Anderson, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal
Microbrotula polyactis Anderson, 2005
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Microbrotula punicea Anderson, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
! Microbrotula puniceus Anderson, 2007
synonymseniororiginal
Microbrotula andersoni Schwarzhans & Nielsen, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Microbrotula hamata Schwarzhans & Nielsen, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Microbrotula geraldalleni Schwarzhans & Nielsen, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Eutyx tumidirostris Boeseman, 1960
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Brosmophyciops pautskei Schultz, 1960
synonymseniororiginal
! Brosmophysiops pautzkei Schultz, 1960
synonymseniororiginal
Dinematichthys iluocaetoides (non Bleeker, 1855)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Calamopteryx goslinei Böhlke & Cohen, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal
Calamopteryx jeb Cohen, 1973
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Meteoria erythrops Nielsen, 1969
acceptedseniororiginal
Nybelinella erikssoni (Nybelin, 1957)
acceptedseniornew
Barathronus erikssoni Nybelin, 1957
synonymseniororiginal
Nybelinella brevidorsalis Shcherbachev, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Melodichthys hadrocephalus Nielsen & Cohen, 1986
acceptedseniororiginal
Brosmodorsalis persicinus Paulin & Roberts, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Fiordichthys paxtoni (Nielsen & Cohen, 1986)
acceptedseniornew
Melodichthys paxtoni Nielsen & Cohen, 1986
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Tuamotuichthys bispinosus Møller, Schwarzhans & Nielsen, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Tuamotuichthys marshallensis Nielsen, Schwarzhans, Møller & Randall, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
Tuamotuichthys schwarzhansi Nielsen & Møller, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Megacataetyx niki (Cohen, 1981)
acceptedseniornew
Cataetyx niki Cohen, 1981
synonymseniororiginal
! Cataetyx miki Cohen, 1981
synonymseniororiginal
Thermichthys hollisi (Cohen, Rosenblatt & Moser, 1990)
acceptedseniornew
Bythites hollisi Cohen, Rosenblatt & Moser, 1990
synonymseniororiginal
Gerhardia hollisi (Cohen, Rosenblatt & Moser, 1990)
synonymseniornew
Majungaichthys simplex Schwarzhans & Møller, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Majungaichthys agalegae Schwarzhans & Møller, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Majungaichthys simplex (non Schwarzhans & Møller, 2007)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Ematops randalli (Cohen & Wourms, 1976)
acceptedseniornew
Microbrotula randalli Cohen & Wourms, 1976
synonymseniororiginal
Timorichthys disjunctus Nielsen & Schwarzhans, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Timorichthys angustus Nielsen, Okamoto & Schwarzhans, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Parasaccogaster normae (Cohen & Nielsen, 1972)
acceptedseniornew
Saccogaster normae Cohen & Nielsen, 1972
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
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