Teleostei (teleosts) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
Etymology: Barathronus: Greek, barathron = abyss + ending -ites, that lives there; the Barathron was a deep pit in Athens where criminals were thrown; 1849 +Greek, onos = hake.
More on authors: Goode & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 366 - 3270 m (Ref. 121928), usually 366 - 1640 m (Ref. 34024). Deep-water
Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 121928)
soft rays: 46 - 59;
Vertebrae: 68 - 75. Barathronus bicolor differs from the other five species of the genus with dark-pigmented peritoneum by the following combination of characters: D 62-78, A 46-59, pectoral-fin rays 22-27, anterior gill arch with 28-35 long rakers; vertebrae, precaudal 31-36, total 68-75; vomer with 1-5 fangs; paired bulbs at basis of penis not developed; no ventral flexure of anteriormost vertebrae; penis in ripe specimens long (up to 15% SL) and slender; fresh specimens light brownish with dark-blue peritoneum; otolith almost circular three times as long as thick and centrally placed sulcus 3-4 times in length of otolith (Ref. 121928).
Common species (Ref. 34024).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., 2019. Revision of the circumglobal genus Barathronus (Ophidiiformes, Bythitidae) with a new species from the eastern North Atlantic Ocean. Zootaxa 4679(2):231-256. (Ref. 121928)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 4.8 - 10.4, mean 6.3 °C (based on 143 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00174 - 0.01147), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).