Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
More on authors: Smith & Radcliffe.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 82 m (Ref. 11356). Tropical
Western Pacific: Philippines and Western Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11356)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 24. Redescription of the holotype: dorsal fin, 2 supernumerary spines on first pterygiophore, first spine missing; anal fin with 1 supernumerary spine on first pterygiophore, second spine in serial association with first pterygiophore, the following ray is branched; principal caudal rays 9+8, branched caudal rays 8+7; upper gill arch with 3 rudiments and 5 developed gill rakers, lower gill arch without rudiments and 19 developed gill rakers; villiform teeth in several rows on the premaxilla; 1 row on the dentary, 1 on the palatine and vomer; none on ectopterygoid, endopterygoid or basihyal; scales none; hypurals 3 and 4 partially fused, hypurals 1, 2 and 5 free; one pair of slender uroneurals; 3 epurals; a free parhypural; 3 supraneurals as 0/0/0/ in association with anterior neural spines, none procumbent; no supramaxilla; posttemporal serrate on posterior margin; preopercle ridge smooth, edges serrate on posterior vertical and ventral horizontal margins; infraorbital edge smooth.; no color remains on the body. Species authors described the color pattern as: ground color cream-buff; traces of a slightly decurved, silvery-white band from scapula to base of caudal; tip of chin and snout to middle of eye dusky black; dusky points on head; iris silvery; tip of spinous dorsal, blackish; caudal dusky distally; other fins hyaline; peritoneum silvery white; stomach jet black (Ref. 91763).
Found in inshore reef areas. Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Fraser, T.H., 2012. A new species of deeper dwelling West Pacific cardinalfish (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) with a redescription of Ostorhinchus atrogaster. Zootaxa 3492:77-84. (Ref. 91763)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.3 - 28.8, mean 26.9 (based on 302 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00268 - 0.02702), b=3.14 (2.89 - 3.39), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .