|Aquaculture||commercial||Ref.||Liao, C.-I., H.-M. Su and E.Y. Chang, 2001|
Established on aquaculture through unassisted reproduction. Has not established in the wild (Ref. 1739). Production from polyculture reached 10,031.1 t in 1987 with exportation of fry (Ref. 6300). First successful larviculture in Taiwan occurred in 1963 (Ref. 40297). Also Ref. 5193.