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Tor putitora (Hamilton, 1822)

Putitor mahseer
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Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
  More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; स्वच्छ जल, अलवण जल बेनथोपिलाजिक; pH range: 7.4 - 8.0; पोटामोड़िरोमस (Ref. 51243); गहराई सीमा 0 - ? m (Ref. 56197), usually 0 - 1 m (Ref. 56197).   Subtropical; 13°C - 30°C (Ref. 40948); 34°N - 20°N

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh (Ref. 4832), Bhutan (Ref. 9418) and Mynmar (Ref. 57739).

Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - ? cm
Max length : 275 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 6695); common length : 183 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 6694); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 54.0 kg (Ref. 1479)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 4; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 8; गुदा कांटा 2; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 5

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Inhabit streams, riverine pools and lakes. Found in rapid streams with rocky bottom (Ref. 41236). Omnivorous, feeding on fish, zooplankton, dipteran larvae and plant matter (Ref. 40948). Juveniles subsist on plankton while fingerlings feed mainly on algae (Ref. 40948). Ascend streams to breed over gravel and stones and returns to perennial ponds after breeding. The most common Himalayan mahseer and a very attractive sport fish, with excellent food value. Specimens over 30 cm and 5 kg in weight are rarely caught in recent times (Ref. 41236). Threatened due to over harvesting and habitat loss (Ref. 58490).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Migrate from the lower to the middle reaches of streams or rivers to spawn (Ref. 40949). Spawning takes place during low phase of flood (Ref. 56197). Fry are found among stones in marginal areas of the stream (Ref. 56197).

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक | सहयोगीयो

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Endangered (EN) (A2abcd); Date assessed: 05 August 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: व्यापारिक; जलीयकृषि: व्यापारिक; आखेट मत्स्य: हां; जलजीवालय: सार्वजनिक लजीवालय
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

अधिक जानकारी

आम नाम
परिपक्व अवधि
मछलीऔ का अंडे देना
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
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इंटरनेट स्रोत

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00720 - 0.01006), b=3.00 (2.95 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
लौटाव (Ref. 69278):  निम्न, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 4.5 - 14 वर्ष। (tm=1.5; K=0.07; Fec=26,998).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.