Ecology of Tor putitora
Main Ref. Menon, A.G.K., 1999
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Tor putitora may be found.
Remarks Inhabit streams, riverine pools and lakes. Found in rapid streams with rocky bottom (Ref. 41236). Omnivorous, feeding on fish, zooplankton, dipteran larvae and plant matter (Ref. 40948). Juveniles subsist on plankton while fingerlings feed mainly on algae (Ref. 40948). Ascend streams to breed over gravel and stones and returns to perennial ponds after breeding. Feding intensity differs with the length of the fish, fishes ranging from 4-9 cm possess higher feeding intensity. Feeding intensity fell when the fish attains the length >19 cm (Ref. 56208). Depleting of food resources and water temperature in the Ganga River trigger the ascending trend of migration of T putitora (Ref. 56236).


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type ref Shrestha, J., 1999
Feeding habit
Feeding habit ref
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref. Nautiyal, P. and M.S. Lal, 1984
From individual food items 2.87 0.38 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 10.14.04
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 02.28.06
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