Diplodus hottentotus, Zebra : fisheries, gamefish

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Diplodus hottentotus (Smith, 1844)

Zebra
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Image of Diplodus hottentotus (Zebra)
Diplodus hottentotus
Picture by FAO

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Diplodus: Greek, diploos = twice + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Issue
Issue on validity of subspecies: subspecies considered as valid in FB, elevated to species rank as Diplodus hottentotus (Smith, 1844) in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Mar. 2011: Ref. 86697). Please send references, or more studies are needed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut; payau dasar (demersal); kisaran kedalaman ? - 100 m.   Subtropical

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: known only from southern Mozambique and South Africa.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 28.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3507); common length : 30.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3507); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 33 Tahun (Ref. 26244)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 11; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 12-14; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 11. Young bright yellow between crossbars.

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal waters, mainly on rocky bottoms. Also enters estuaries, which are also used as nursery grounds. Feeds on fish, mollusks, crustaceans, worms, and other organisms. Has a nauseating odor; sold fresh in markets.

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Heemstra, P.C. and E. Heemstra, 2004. Coastal fishes of Southern Africa. National Inquiry Service Centre (NISC) and South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), Grahamstown. 488 p. (Ref. 58304)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Negara-negara
Daerah-daerah FAO
Ecosystems
Kemunculan
Introduksi
Stocks
Ekologi
Makanan
Bahan makanan
Konsumsi makanan
Jatah
Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genom, Nukleotida) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Akuarium publik | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(pergi, Cari) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00803 - 0.02267), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.53 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 7.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (tm=6; tmax=33).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   High.