Family Sparidae - Porgies
  Order
:
Sparidae Sparidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 38 | Species : 159 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary   lower   Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Habitat: chiefly marine; very rare in fresh- and brackish water (Ref. 7463). Usually most common along the shore from shallow water (including estuaries), to deeper water as demersal inhabitants of the continental shelf and slope (Ref. 106993). Distribution: tropical and temperate Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Trophic: most are carnivorous, feeding on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 104925). Characters: Dorsal fin usually having 10-13 spines; soft rays 10-15. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 8-14. Maxilla hidden by a sheath when mouth is closed. Branchiostegal rays 6. Vertebrae 24 (10 + 14). To about 1.2 m maximum length. Carnivores of hard-shelled benthic invertebrates. Many species have been found to be hermaphroditic; some have male and female gonads simultaneously; others change sex as they get larger. Uses: Premier food and game fishes. Many species around southern Africa. A few species have been implicated in cases of ciguatera (Ref. 4537).
  Etymology
:
Greek, sparoides = a fish with golden head. 1668 ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Eupercaria | | | Spariformes | | | Sparidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Sparidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal
Aurata aurata (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Chrysophrys aurata (Linnaeus, 1758)
ambiguousothernew
Pagrus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
ambiguousothernew
! Chrysophrys aurathus (Linnaeus, 1758)
ambiguousothernew
! Chrysophrys auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
ambiguousothernew
! Sparus auratus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysophrys crassirostris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagrus auratus (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sparodon durbanensis (Castelnau, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus durbanensis Castelnau, 1861
synonymseniororiginal
Sparidentex hasta (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex hasta Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus hasta (Valenciennes, 1830)
ambiguoushomonymnew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Sparidentex datnia (Hamilton, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
Coius datnia Hamilton, 1822
synonymseniororiginal
Sparidentex belayewi (Hora & Misra, 1943)
acceptedseniornew
! Petras belayewi Hora & Misra, 1943
synonymseniororiginal
Sparidentex jamalensis Amir, Siddiqui & Masroor, 2014
acceptedseniororiginal
Centracanthus cirrus Rafinesque, 1810
acceptedseniororiginal
! Centracantus cirrus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
Smaris royerii Bowdich, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal
! Smaris royeri Bowdich, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal
! Spicara royeri (Bowdich, 1825)
synonymjuniornew
Smaris insidiator Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus annularis (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus annularis Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus sparulus Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus sparlotus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Sciaena melanura Pallas, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus sargus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus sargus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Sparus cinctus Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal
Sargus raucus Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1809
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus varatulus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Sargus rondeletii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
! Sargus rondelettii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Sargus vetula Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus puntazzo (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus puntazzo Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal
Charax puntazzo (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Puntazzo puntazzo (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Sargus puntazzo (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Sparus puntazzo Cetti, 1777
synonymotheroriginal
Sparus acutirostris Delaroche, 1809
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus oxyrhynchus Nardo, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Puntazzo annularis Bleeker, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus vulgaris (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus vulgaris Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus aldrovandi Nardo, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal
Sargus salviani Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus argenteus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus argenteus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus argenteus argenteus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Sparus sargo Larrañaga, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus ascensionis (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus ascensionis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus sargus ascensionis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus argenteus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sargus argenteus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Diplodus fasciatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus fasciatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus trifasciatus (non Rafinesque, 1810)
misappliedmisappliednew
Diplodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus lineatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus sargus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus noct (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus noct Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Sparus nocht Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus cervinus (Lowe, 1838)
acceptedseniornew
Charax cervinus Lowe, 1838
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Sargus cervinus (Lowe, 1838)
synonymseniornew
Sparus trifasciatus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus trifasciatus (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Sargus trifasciatus (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Sargus fasciatus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Diplodus capensis (Smith, 1844)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus capensis Smith, 1844
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Diplodus sargus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliednew
Diplodus hottentotus (Smith, 1844)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus hottentotus Smith, 1844
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Diplodus trifasciatus (non Rafinesque, 1810)
misappliedmisappliednew
Diplodus cervinus (non Lowe, 1838)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Diplodus argenteus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Diplodus kotschyi (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus kotschyi Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus sargus kotschyi (Steindachner, 1876)
synonymseniornew
! Diplodus sargus kotscyi (Steindachner, 1876)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus sargus sargus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Diplodus noct (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Diplodus holbrookii (Bean, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
! Diplodus holbrooki (Bean, 1878)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus helenae (Sauvage, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus helenae Sauvage, 1879
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus sargus helenae (Sauvage, 1879)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus sargus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sargus rondeletii (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Diplodus capensis (non Smith, 1844)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sargus capensis (non Smith, 1844)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Diplodus bellottii (Steindachner, 1882)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus bellottii Steindachner, 1882
synonymseniororiginal
! Sargus belloti (Steindachner, 1882)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus senegalensis Cadenat, 1964
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus striatus (Bliss, 1883)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus striatus Bliss, 1883
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus prayensis Cadenat, 1964
acceptedseniororiginal
Diplodus vulgaris (non Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sargus vulgaris (non Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Diplodus bermudensis Caldwell, 1965
acceptedseniororiginal
Diplodus cadenati de la Paz, Bauchot & Daget, 1974
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Diplodus sargus cadenati de la Paz, Bauchot & Daget, 1974
synonymseniororiginal
ambiguousotheroriginal
Sargus rondeletti (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sargus vetula (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Diplodus omanensis Bauchot & Bianchi, 1984
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Diplodus cervinus omanensis Bauchot & Bianchi, 1984
synonymseniororiginal
Diplodus levantinus Fricke, Golani & Appelbaum-Golani, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Diplodus sargus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliednew
Diplodus sargus sargus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sargus sargus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sargus Rondeletii (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus maena Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Maena maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Merolepis maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Smaris maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Spicara maena maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Sparus zebra Brünnich, 1768
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus osbeck Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus tricuspidatus Spinola, 1807
synonymjuniororiginal
Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Spicara maena flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Maena jusculum Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Smaris cagarella Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Maena vomerina Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Smaris chryselis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Maena chryselis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Merolepis chryselis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Spicara chryselis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Smaris gagarella Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Maena osbeckii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
! Maena osbechii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Maena vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Spicara smaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus smaris Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Maena smaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Smaris smaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Sparus alcedo Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Smaris alcedo (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Spicara alcedo (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Smaris vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Smaris gracilis Bonaparte, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal
Smaris maurii Bonaparte, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal
Spicara martinicus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Smaris martinicus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Spicara melanurus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Smaris melanurus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Centracanthus melanurus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Pterosmaris melanurus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Spicara axillaris (Boulenger, 1900)
acceptedseniornew
Caesio axillaris Boulenger, 1900
synonymseniororiginal
Pterosmaris axillaris (Boulenger, 1900)
synonymseniornew
Caesio algoae Smith, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal
Spicara alta (Osório, 1917)
acceptedseniornew
Smaris altus Osório, 1917
synonymseniororiginal
Smaris macrophthalmus Cadenat, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal
Spicara australis (Regan, 1921)
acceptedseniornew
Smaris australis Regan, 1921
synonymseniororiginal
Spicara nigricauda (Norman, 1931)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Centracanthus melanurus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Smaris melanurus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Boops boops (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus boops Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Box boops (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Box vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Boops canariensis Valenciennes, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Box canariensis (Valenciennes, 1839)
synonymjuniornew
Boops lineatus (Boulenger, 1892)
acceptedseniornew
Box lineatus Boulenger, 1892
synonymseniororiginal
Dentex dentex (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus dentex Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Dentex vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Dentex macrophthalmus (Bloch, 1791)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Dentex macrophathalmus (Bloch, 1791)
synonymseniornew
! Dentex macrophtalmus (Bloch, 1791)
synonymseniornew
Dentex gibbosus (Rafinesque, 1810)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus gibbosus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
Dentex filosus Valenciennes, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal
Cheimerius filosus (Valenciennes, 1841)
synonymjuniornew
Dentex filamentosus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Cheimerius filesus (non Valenciennes, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Dentex maroccanus Valenciennes, 1830
acceptedseniororiginal
Diagramma maroccanus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Dentex parvulus de Brito Capello, 1867
synonymjuniororiginal
Dentex tumifrons (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys tumifrons Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
synonymseniororiginal
Evynnis tumifrons (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Taius tumifrons (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Evynnis japonica Tanaka, 1931
synonymjuniororiginal
Dentex hypselosomus Bleeker, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal
Dentex hypselosoma Bleeker, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
Synagris hypselosoma (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Dentex tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pagrus tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Taius tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
! Raius tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Dentex canariensis Steindachner, 1881
acceptedseniororiginal
Dentex nufar (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Dentex cuninghami (non Regan, 1905)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Dentex spariformis Ogilby, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal
Allotaius spariformis (Ogilby, 1910)
synonymseniornew
Dentex tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Dentex angolensis Poll & Maul, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal
Dentex polli Roux, 1954
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Dentex barnardi Cadenat, 1970
acceptedseniororiginal
Cheimerius barnardi (Cadenat, 1970)
synonymseniornew
Dentex canariensis (non Steindachner, 1881)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Dentex fourmanoiri Akazaki & Séret, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal
Dentex abei Iwatsuki, Akazaki & Taniguchi, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal
Dentex sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Dentex tumifrons (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Dentex carpenteri Iwatsuki, Newman & Russell, 2015
acceptedseniororiginal
Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus pagrus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Pagrus pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagrus sedecim Ginsburg, 1952
synonymjuniororiginal
! Pargus sedecim Ginsburg, 1952
synonymjuniororiginal
Aurata orphus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus orphus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus auratus (Forster, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Labrus auratus Forster, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysophrys auratus (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Pagrosomus auratus (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Chrysophrys unicolor Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagrus unicolor (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymjuniornew
Sparosomus unicolor (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymjuniornew
Pagrus guttulatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysophrys guttulatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Pagrus micropterus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagrus latus Richardson & Solander, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal
Sciaena lata Solander, 1842
synonymotheroriginal
Pagrus chinensis Steindachner, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagrus ruber Steindachner, 1883
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagrus arthurius Jordan & Starks, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus auratus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Chrysophrys major (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pagrosomus major (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys caeruleosticta Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Pagrus caeruloestictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Pagrus coeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Pagrus coerulostrictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Sparus caeruleosticus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Sparus coeruleostictus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus bertheloti Valenciennes, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagrus auriga (non Valenciennes, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Semapagrus auriga (non Valenciennes, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pagrus auriga Valenciennes, 1843
acceptedseniororiginal
Argyrops auriga (Valenciennes, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Semapagrus auriga (Valenciennes, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Sparus auriga (Valenciennes, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Sparus caeruleostictus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pagrus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys major Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
synonymseniororiginal
Pagrosomus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Sparus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
! Pagus major (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus africanus Akazaki, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Sparus pagrus africanus (Akazaki, 1962)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus orphus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus pagrus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pagrus gibbiceps (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pagrus vulgaris (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Sparus gibbiceps (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Oblada melanura (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus melanurus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Oblado melanura (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Oblata melanura (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Crenidens crenidens (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus crenidens Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Crenidens forskalii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
! Crenidens forskali Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
provisionally acceptjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Crenidens macracanthus Günther, 1874
acceptedseniororiginal
Crenidens indicus (non Day, 1873)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus erythrinus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Pagellus canariensis Valenciennes, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagellus bogaraveo (Brünnich, 1768)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus bogaraveo Brünnich, 1768
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Sparus centrodontus Delaroche, 1809
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagellus centrodontus (Delaroche, 1809)
synonymjuniornew
Pagellus acarne (Risso, 1827)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus acarne Risso, 1827
synonymseniororiginal
! Pagellus acerna (Risso, 1827)
synonymseniornew
Pagellus bellottii Steindachner, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal
Pagellus bellottii bellottii Steindachner, 1882
synonymseniorchange in rank
Dentex cuninghamii Regan, 1905
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagellus coupei Dieuzeide, 1960
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagellus erythrinus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pagellus affinis Boulenger, 1888
acceptedseniororiginal
Pagellus natalensis Steindachner, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
! Pagellus natalenses Steindachner, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
Sarpa salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus salpa Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Boops salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Box salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Eusalpa salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Box goreensis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Boops goreensis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Argyrops spinifer (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus spinifer Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Pagrus ciliaris von Bonde, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal
Calamus ciliaris (von Bonde, 1923)
synonymjuniornew
Argyrops filamentosus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus filamentosus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Argyrops megalommatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus megalommatus Klunzinger, 1870
synonymseniororiginal
Argyrops bleekeri Oshima, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal
Argyrops spinifer (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliednew
Calamus bajonado (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus bajonado Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Calamus calamus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagellus calamus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Calamus penna (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagellus penna Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Calamus taurinus (Jenyns, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys taurina Jenyns, 1840
synonymseniororiginal
Calamus pennatula Guichenot, 1868
acceptedseniororiginal
Calamus brachysomus (Lockington, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus brachysomus Lockington, 1880
synonymseniororiginal
Calamus arctifrons Goode & Bean, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal
! Calamus artifrons Goode & Bean, 1882
synonymseniororiginal
Calamus proridens Jordan & Gilbert, 1884
acceptedseniororiginal
Calamus leucosteus Jordan & Gilbert, 1885
acceptedseniororiginal
Calamus campechanus Randall & Caldwell, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal
Calamus cervigoni Randall & Caldwell, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal
Calamus mu Randall & Caldwell, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal
Calamus nodosus Randall & Caldwell, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal
Chrysoblephus gibbiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys gibbiceps Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysoblephus cristiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys cristiceps Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysoblephus laticeps (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys laticeps Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysophrys algoensis Castelnau, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysoblephus algoensis (Castelnau, 1861)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys pugicephalus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysoblephus anglicus (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys anglicus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysoblephus puniceus (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys puniceus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysoblephus lophus (Fowler, 1925)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus lophus Fowler, 1925
synonymseniororiginal
Lithognathus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus mormyrus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Pagellus mormyrus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pagellus goreensis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus lithognathus Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
Pagellus lithognathus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
! Lithognatus lithognathus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Pagellus capensis Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Lithognathus capensis (Swainson, 1839)
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
Pagellus lithognathus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lithognathus olivieri (non Penrith & Penrith, 1969)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Lithognathus olivieri Penrith & Penrith, 1969
acceptedseniororiginal
Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus cantharus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Cantharus cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Spondyliosoma cantarus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Sparus lineatus Montagu, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal
Cantharus lineatus (Montagu, 1818)
synonymjuniornew
Cantharus senegalensis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Cantharus vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Spondyliosoma emarginatum (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Cantharus emarginatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Cantharus emarginatum Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Cantharus microlepis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal
Acanthopagrus vagus (Peters, 1852)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys vagus Peters, 1852
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus vagus (Peters, 1852)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus caffer Castelnau, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysophrys estuarius Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal
Acanthopagrus berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliednew
Acanthopagrus berda (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus berda Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysophrys berda (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Mylio berda (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus berda (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Acanthopagrus bertha (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Sparus hasta Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus calamara Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysophrys calamara Valenciennes, 1830
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Acanthopagrus calamara (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys madagascariensis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus madagascariensis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysophrys robinsoni Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal
Pagrus robinsoni (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys hasta (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparidentex hasta (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Acanthopagrus bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Chaetodon bifasciatus Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Chysophrys bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Mylio bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Sparus bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Holocentrus rabaji Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal
Acanthopagrus latus (Houttuyn, 1782)
acceptedseniornew
! Acanthopagros latus (Houttuyn, 1782)
synonymseniornew
Sparus latus Houttuyn, 1782
synonymseniororiginal
Mylio latus (Houttuyn, 1782)
synonymseniornew
Chrysophrys auripes Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysophrys xanthopoda Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus chrysopterus Kishinouye, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal
Coius datnia (non Hamilton, 1822)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Acanthopagrus datnia (non Hamilton, 1822)
misappliedmisappliednew
Chrysophrys datnia (non Hamilton, 1822)
misappliedmisappliednew
Acanthopagrus catenula (Lacepède, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Labrus catenula Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus mylio Lacepède, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
Acanthopagrus bifasciatus (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliednew
Acanthopagrus longispinnis (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys longispinnis Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus longispinnis (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Acanthopagrus latus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sparus datnia (non Hamilton, 1822)
misappliedmisappliednew
Acanthopagrus schlegelii (Bleeker, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
! Acanthopagrus schlegeli (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Pagrus macrocephalus Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Mylio macrocephalus (Basilewsky, 1855)
synonymjuniornew
Sparus macrocephalus (Basilewsky, 1855)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniorchange in species
Acanthopagrus australis (Günther, 1859)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys australis Günther, 1859
synonymseniororiginal
Roughleyia australis (Günther, 1859)
synonymseniornew
Acanthopagrus palmaris (Whitley, 1935)
acceptedseniornew
Roughleyia palmaris Whitley, 1935
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Mylio butcheri Munro, 1949
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus akazakii Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus taiwanensis Iwatsuki & Carpenter, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus chinshira Kume & Yoshino, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Mylio berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliednew
Acanthopagrus australis (non Günther, 1859)
misappliedmisappliednew
Acanthopagrus sivicolus (non Akazaki, 1962)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Acanthopagrus randalli Iwatsuki & Carpenter, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus omanensis Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus pacificus Iwatsuki, Kume & Yoshino, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Acanthopagrus berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliednew
Mylio berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sparus berda (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Mylio latus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sparus hasta (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Acanthopagrus arabicus Iwatsuki, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus latus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sparus latus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Acanthopagrus datnia (non Hamilton, 1822)
misappliedmisappliednew
Chrysophrys datnia (non Hamilton, 1822)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sparus datnia (non Hamilton, 1822)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus latus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliednew
Mylio latus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliednew
Acanthopagrus sheim Iwatsuki, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Acanthopagrus latus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliednew
Lagodon rhomboides (Linnaeus, 1766)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus rhomboides Linnaeus, 1766
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Pachymetopon grande Günther, 1859
acceptedseniororiginal
Pachymetopon guentheri Steindachner, 1869
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Pachymetopon blochii (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Cantharus blochii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Caranthus blochii (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Cantharus castelnaui Bleeker, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal
! Cantharus castelnau Bleeker, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Pachymetopon aeneum (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Cantharus aeneus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal
Cantharus natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal
Cantharus simus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal
Boopsoidea inornata Castelnau, 1861
acceptedseniororiginal
Pagrus holubi Steindachner, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Sargus aries Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Archosargus aries (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Archosargus oviceps Ginsburg, 1952
synonymjuniororiginal
Archosargus rhomboidalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Perca rhomboidalis Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Perca unimaculata Bloch, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Archosargus pourtalesii (Steindachner, 1881)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus pourtalesii Steindachner, 1881
synonymseniororiginal
! Archosargus portalesii (Steindachner, 1881)
synonymseniornew
! Archosargus pourtalesi (Steindachner, 1881)
synonymseniornew
Stenotomus chrysops (Linnaeus, 1766)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus chrysops Linnaeus, 1766
synonymseniororiginal
Stenotomus caprinus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Dentex coeruleopunctatus Klunzinger, 1870
synonymseniororiginal
! Polysteganus caeruleopunctatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
Dentex praeorbitalis Günther, 1859
synonymseniororiginal
Polysteganus lineopunctatus (Boulenger, 1903)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex lineopunctatus Boulenger, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
Dentex natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal
Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus (non Klunzinger, 1870)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
Dentex undulosus Regan, 1908
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Polysteganus mascarenensis Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Polysteganus cerasinus Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Polysteganus flavodorsalis Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Evynnis cardinalis (Lacepède, 1802)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus cardinalis Lacepède, 1802
synonymseniororiginal
Evynnis ehrenbergii (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus ehrenbergii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus ehrenbergii (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Pagrus ehrenbergi Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Pagrus erhenbergii Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Sparus ehrenbergi (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymjuniornew
Pagrus caeruleostictus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Evynnis mononematos Guan, Tang & Wu, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Parargyrops edita Tanaka, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal
! Paragyrops edita Tanaka, 1916
synonymseniororiginal
Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus sarba Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Austrosparus sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Chrysophrys sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Diplodus sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhadosarga sarda Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus bufonites Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus psittacus Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysophrys chrysargyra Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysophrys aries Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus aries (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymjuniornew
Sargus auriventris Peters, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Diplodus auriventris (Peters, 1855)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
Chrysophrys natalensis Castelnau, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal
Sparus natalensis (Castelnau, 1861)
synonymjuniornew
Roughleyia tarwhine Whitley, 1931
synonymjuniororiginal
Chrysophrys haffara (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sparus bifasciatus (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliednew
Sparus robinsoni (non Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
misappliedmisappliednew
Diplodus nigrofasciatus (non Regan, 1908)
misappliedmisappliednew
Rhabdosargus haffara (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus haffara Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
Pagrus haffara (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Rhabdosargus globiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys globiceps Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Austrosparus globiceps (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Sargus natalensis Steindachner, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhabdosargus holubi (Steindachner, 1881)
acceptedseniornew
Sargus holubi Steindachner, 1881
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Austrosparus auriventris (non Peters, 1855)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal
Rhabdosargus auriventris (non Peters, 1855)
misappliedmisappliednew
Rhabdosargus niger Tanaka & Iwatsuki, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Polyamblyodon germanum (Barnard, 1934)
acceptedseniornew
Pachymetopon germanum Barnard, 1934
synonymseniororiginal
Polyamblyodon gibbosum (Pellegrin, 1914)
acceptedseniornew
Pachymetopon gibbosus Pellegrin, 1914
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Argyrozona argyrozona (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex argyrozona Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Polysteganus argyrozona (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Cheimerius nufar (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex nufar Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Cheimerus nufar (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Dentex miles Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal
Dentex albus Gilchrist, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal
Cymatoceps nasutus (Castelnau, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys nasutus Castelnau, 1861
synonymseniororiginal
Pagrus nigripinnis Boulenger, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal
Petrus rupestris (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex rupestris Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Dentex brevis Kner, 1865
synonymjuniororiginal
Porcostoma dentata (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Chrysophrys dentatus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal
! Porcostomus dentata (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Pterogymnus laniarius (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Pagrus laniarius Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Chrysophrys laniarius (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Virididentex acromegalus (Osório, 1911)
acceptedseniornew
Dentex acromegalus Osório, 1911
synonymseniororiginal
Sparus acromegalus (Osório, 1911)
synonymseniornew
Dentex multidens (non Valenciennes, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Amamiichthys matsubarai (Akazaki, 1962)
acceptedseniornew
Cheimerius matsubarai Akazaki, 1962
synonymseniororiginal
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