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Cyclopterus lumpus Linnaeus, 1758

Lumpfish
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Cyclopterus lumpus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Cyclopterus lumpus
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cyclopteridae (Lumpfishes)
Etymology: Cyclopterus: Greek, kyklos = round + Greek, pteron = fin (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino benthopelagico; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); distribuzione batimetrica 0 - 868 m (Ref. 58496), usually 50 - 150 m (Ref. 4701).   Polar; 80°N - 32°N, 95°W - 49°E

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Nunavut, Hudson Bay to James Bay and Labrador in Canada to New Jersey in USA; rarely to Chesapeake Bay in USA and Bermuda. Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Iceland and Greenland to Spain (Ref. 4701).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 58426); 42.9 cm SL (female); peso massimo pubblicato: 9.5 kg (Ref. 4701); peso massimo pubblicato: 9.5 kg; Età massima riportata: 13 anni (Ref. 54207)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 5 - 9; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 9-11; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 9 - 10; Vertebre: 28 - 29. First dorsal fin present but covered by thick layer of skin forming a characteristic high crest with embedded spines. Bony tubercles present, arranged in 3 widely separated rows of large flattened tubercles on each side of body. Gill openings large, extend- extending below level of upper pectoral fin ray. Pyloric present 36-79. Ventral sucking disc formed by the modified pelvic fin (Ref. 232).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Basically solitary rather than a schooling fish. They exhibit a homing instinct (Ref. 9737). Adults inhabit rocky bottoms but may occur among floating seaweed. They migrate considerable distances in an annual cycle between deeper waters in winter and shallower waters in summer (Ref. 26141). Maximum depth reported at 868 m (Ref. 58426). Epibenthic-pelagic (Ref. 58426). Juveniles are found among algal clumps in bays and fjords moving offshore as they mature (Ref. 96431). During the spawning season the males become reddish in color on the underside, whereas females turn blue-green. Adults feed on ctenophores, medusas, small crustaceans, polychaetes, jelly fish and small fishes. Valued for their eggs, which make an inexpensive caviar (Ref. 9988). Eaten in Nordic countries, marketed fresh or smoked. Male flesh is most demanded and roe is sold fresh (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Eggs are laid in large numbers on stony bottoms (Ref. 9900). Male guards egg-mass aggressively.

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Stein, D.L., 1986. Cyclopteridae. p. 1269-1274. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. III. (Ref. 4701)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: elevato interesse commerciale; esca: usually
FAO(pesca: production, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

Age/Size
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.6 - 11.4, mean 7.1 (based on 732 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.05129 (0.02739 - 0.09604), b=2.98 (2.80 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 69278):  Basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 4.5 - 14 anni (K=0.12; tm=3-5; tmax=13; Fec=100,000).
Prior r = 0.17, 95% CL = 0.10 - 0.27, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.